```------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- The Agda standard library
--
-- Properties of Rational numbers
------------------------------------------------------------------------

{-# OPTIONS --cubical-compatible --safe #-}
{-# OPTIONS --warn=noUserWarning #-} -- for +-rawMonoid, *-rawMonoid (issue #1865, #1844, #1755)

module Data.Rational.Properties where

open import Algebra.Construct.NaturalChoice.Base
import Algebra.Construct.NaturalChoice.MinMaxOp as MinMaxOp
import Algebra.Lattice.Construct.NaturalChoice.MinMaxOp as LatticeMinMaxOp
open import Algebra.Consequences.Propositional
open import Algebra.Morphism
open import Algebra.Bundles
import Algebra.Morphism.MagmaMonomorphism  as MagmaMonomorphisms
import Algebra.Morphism.MonoidMonomorphism as MonoidMonomorphisms
import Algebra.Morphism.GroupMonomorphism  as GroupMonomorphisms
import Algebra.Morphism.RingMonomorphism   as RingMonomorphisms
import Algebra.Lattice.Morphism.LatticeMonomorphism as LatticeMonomorphisms
import Algebra.Properties.CommutativeSemigroup as CommSemigroupProperties
open import Data.Bool.Base using (T; true; false)
open import Data.Integer.Base as ℤ using (ℤ; +_; -[1+_]; +[1+_]; +0; 0ℤ; 1ℤ; _◃_)
open import Data.Integer.Coprimality using (coprime-divisor)
import Data.Integer.Properties as ℤ
open import Data.Integer.GCD using (gcd; gcd[i,j]≡0⇒i≡0; gcd[i,j]≡0⇒j≡0)
open import Data.Integer.Solver renaming (module +-*-Solver to ℤ-solver)
open import Data.Nat.Base as ℕ using (ℕ; zero; suc)
import Data.Nat.Properties as ℕ
open import Data.Nat.Coprimality as C using (Coprime; coprime?)
open import Data.Nat.Divisibility
import Data.Nat.GCD as ℕ
import Data.Nat.DivMod as ℕ
open import Data.Product using (proj₁; proj₂; _×_; _,_; uncurry)
open import Data.Rational.Base
open import Data.Rational.Unnormalised.Base as ℚᵘ
using (ℚᵘ; mkℚᵘ; *≡*; *≤*; *<*)
renaming
( ↥_ to ↥ᵘ_; ↧_ to ↧ᵘ_; ↧ₙ_ to ↧ₙᵘ_
; _≃_ to _≃ᵘ_; _≤_ to _≤ᵘ_; _<_ to _<ᵘ_
; _+_ to _+ᵘ_
)
import Data.Rational.Unnormalised.Properties as ℚᵘ
open import Data.Sum.Base as Sum
open import Data.Unit using (tt)
import Data.Sign as S
open import Function.Base using (_∘_; _∘′_; _∘₂_; _\$_; flip)
open import Function.Definitions using (Injective)
open import Level using (0ℓ)
open import Relation.Binary
open import Relation.Binary.PropositionalEquality
open import Relation.Binary.Morphism.Structures
import Relation.Binary.Morphism.OrderMonomorphism as OrderMonomorphisms
open import Relation.Nullary.Decidable as Dec
using (True; False; fromWitness; fromWitnessFalse; toWitnessFalse; yes; no; recompute; map′; _×-dec_)
open import Relation.Nullary.Negation using (¬_; contradiction; contraposition)

open import Algebra.Definitions {A = ℚ} _≡_
open import Algebra.Structures  {A = ℚ} _≡_

private
variable
p q r : ℚ

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Propositional equality
------------------------------------------------------------------------

mkℚ-cong : ∀ {n₁ n₂ d₁ d₂}
.{c₁ : Coprime ℤ.∣ n₁ ∣ (suc d₁)}
.{c₂ : Coprime ℤ.∣ n₂ ∣ (suc d₂)} →
n₁ ≡ n₂ → d₁ ≡ d₂ → mkℚ n₁ d₁ c₁ ≡ mkℚ n₂ d₂ c₂
mkℚ-cong refl refl = refl

mkℚ-injective : ∀ {n₁ n₂ d₁ d₂}
.{c₁ : Coprime ℤ.∣ n₁ ∣ (suc d₁)}
.{c₂ : Coprime ℤ.∣ n₂ ∣ (suc d₂)} →
mkℚ n₁ d₁ c₁ ≡ mkℚ n₂ d₂ c₂ → n₁ ≡ n₂ × d₁ ≡ d₂
mkℚ-injective refl = refl , refl

infix 4 _≟_

_≟_ : DecidableEquality ℚ
mkℚ n₁ d₁ _ ≟ mkℚ n₂ d₂ _ = map′
(uncurry mkℚ-cong)
mkℚ-injective
(n₁ ℤ.≟ n₂ ×-dec d₁ ℕ.≟ d₂)

≡-setoid : Setoid 0ℓ 0ℓ
≡-setoid = setoid ℚ

≡-decSetoid : DecSetoid 0ℓ 0ℓ
≡-decSetoid = decSetoid _≟_

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- mkℚ+
------------------------------------------------------------------------

mkℚ+-cong : ∀ {n₁ n₂ d₁ d₂} .{{_ : ℕ.NonZero d₁}} .{{_ : ℕ.NonZero d₂}}
.{c₁ : Coprime n₁ d₁}
.{c₂ : Coprime n₂ d₂} →
n₁ ≡ n₂ → d₁ ≡ d₂ →
mkℚ+ n₁ d₁ c₁ ≡ mkℚ+ n₂ d₂ c₂
mkℚ+-cong refl refl = refl

mkℚ+-injective : ∀ {n₁ n₂ d₁ d₂} .{{_ : ℕ.NonZero d₁}} .{{_ : ℕ.NonZero d₂}}
.{c₁ : Coprime n₁ d₁}
.{c₂ : Coprime n₂ d₂} →
mkℚ+ n₁ d₁ c₁ ≡ mkℚ+ n₂ d₂ c₂ →
n₁ ≡ n₂ × d₁ ≡ d₂
mkℚ+-injective {d₁ = suc _} {suc _} refl = refl , refl

↥-mkℚ+ : ∀ n d .{{_ : ℕ.NonZero d}} .{c : Coprime n d} → ↥ (mkℚ+ n d c) ≡ + n
↥-mkℚ+ n (suc d) = refl

↧-mkℚ+ : ∀ n d .{{_ : ℕ.NonZero d}} .{c : Coprime n d} → ↧ (mkℚ+ n d c) ≡ + d
↧-mkℚ+ n (suc d) = refl

mkℚ+-nonNeg : ∀ n d .{{_ : ℕ.NonZero d}} .{c : Coprime n d} →
NonNegative (mkℚ+ n d c)
mkℚ+-nonNeg n (suc d) = _

mkℚ+-pos : ∀ n d .{{_ : ℕ.NonZero n}} .{{_ : ℕ.NonZero d}}
.{c : Coprime n d} → Positive (mkℚ+ n d c)
mkℚ+-pos (suc n) (suc d) = _

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Numerator and denominator equality
------------------------------------------------------------------------

≡⇒≃ : _≡_ ⇒ _≃_
≡⇒≃ refl = refl

≃⇒≡ : _≃_ ⇒ _≡_
≃⇒≡ {x = mkℚ n₁ d₁ c₁} {y = mkℚ n₂ d₂ c₂} eq = helper
where
open ≡-Reasoning

1+d₁∣1+d₂ : suc d₁ ∣ suc d₂
1+d₁∣1+d₂ = coprime-divisor (+ suc d₁) n₁ (+ suc d₂)
(C.sym (C.recompute c₁)) \$
divides ℤ.∣ n₂ ∣ \$ begin
ℤ.∣ n₁ ℤ.* + suc d₂ ∣  ≡⟨ cong ℤ.∣_∣ eq ⟩
ℤ.∣ n₂ ℤ.* + suc d₁ ∣  ≡⟨ ℤ.abs-* n₂ (+ suc d₁) ⟩
ℤ.∣ n₂ ∣ ℕ.* suc d₁    ∎

1+d₂∣1+d₁ : suc d₂ ∣ suc d₁
1+d₂∣1+d₁ = coprime-divisor (+ suc d₂) n₂ (+ suc d₁)
(C.sym (C.recompute c₂)) \$
divides ℤ.∣ n₁ ∣ (begin
ℤ.∣ n₂ ℤ.* + suc d₁ ∣  ≡⟨ cong ℤ.∣_∣ (sym eq) ⟩
ℤ.∣ n₁ ℤ.* + suc d₂ ∣  ≡⟨ ℤ.abs-* n₁ (+ suc d₂) ⟩
ℤ.∣ n₁ ∣ ℕ.* suc d₂    ∎)

helper : mkℚ n₁ d₁ c₁ ≡ mkℚ n₂ d₂ c₂
helper with ∣-antisym 1+d₁∣1+d₂ 1+d₂∣1+d₁
... | refl with ℤ.*-cancelʳ-≡ n₁ n₂ (+ suc d₁) eq
...   | refl = refl

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Properties of ↥
------------------------------------------------------------------------

↥p≡0⇒p≡0 : ∀ p → ↥ p ≡ 0ℤ → p ≡ 0ℚ
↥p≡0⇒p≡0 (mkℚ +0 d-1 0-coprime-d) ↥p≡0 = mkℚ-cong refl d-1≡0
where d-1≡0 = ℕ.suc-injective (C.0-coprimeTo-m⇒m≡1 (C.recompute 0-coprime-d))

p≡0⇒↥p≡0 : ∀ p → p ≡ 0ℚ → ↥ p ≡ 0ℤ
p≡0⇒↥p≡0 p refl = refl

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Basic properties of sign predicates
------------------------------------------------------------------------

nonNeg≢neg : ∀ p q → .{{NonNegative p}} → .{{Negative q}} → p ≢ q
nonNeg≢neg (mkℚ (+ _) _ _) (mkℚ -[1+ _ ] _ _) ()

pos⇒nonNeg : ∀ p → .{{Positive p}} → NonNegative p
pos⇒nonNeg p = ℚᵘ.pos⇒nonNeg (toℚᵘ p)

neg⇒nonPos : ∀ p → .{{Negative p}} → NonPositive p
neg⇒nonPos p = ℚᵘ.neg⇒nonPos (toℚᵘ p)

nonNeg∧nonZero⇒pos : ∀ p → .{{NonNegative p}} → .{{NonZero p}} → Positive p
nonNeg∧nonZero⇒pos (mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _) = _

pos⇒nonZero : ∀ p → .{{Positive p}} → NonZero p
pos⇒nonZero (mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _) = _

neg⇒nonZero : ∀ p → .{{Negative p}} → NonZero p
neg⇒nonZero (mkℚ -[1+ _ ] _ _) = _

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Properties of -_
------------------------------------------------------------------------

↥-neg : ∀ p → ↥ (- p) ≡ ℤ.- (↥ p)
↥-neg (mkℚ -[1+ _ ] _ _) = refl
↥-neg (mkℚ +0       _ _) = refl
↥-neg (mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _) = refl

↧-neg : ∀ p → ↧ (- p) ≡ ↧ p
↧-neg (mkℚ -[1+ _ ] _ _) = refl
↧-neg (mkℚ +0       _ _) = refl
↧-neg (mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _) = refl

neg-injective : - p ≡ - q → p ≡ q
neg-injective {mkℚ +[1+ m ] _ _} {mkℚ +[1+ n ] _ _} refl = refl
neg-injective {mkℚ +0       _ _} {mkℚ +0       _ _} refl = refl
neg-injective {mkℚ -[1+ m ] _ _} {mkℚ -[1+ n ] _ _} refl = refl
neg-injective {mkℚ +[1+ m ] _ _} {mkℚ -[1+ n ] _ _} ()
neg-injective {mkℚ +0       _ _} {mkℚ -[1+ n ] _ _} ()
neg-injective {mkℚ -[1+ m ] _ _} {mkℚ +[1+ n ] _ _} ()
neg-injective {mkℚ -[1+ m ] _ _} {mkℚ +0       _ _} ()

neg-pos : Positive p → Negative (- p)
neg-pos {mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _} _ = _

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Properties of normalize
------------------------------------------------------------------------

normalize-coprime : ∀ {n d-1} .(c : Coprime n (suc d-1)) →
normalize n (suc d-1) ≡ mkℚ (+ n) d-1 c
normalize-coprime {n} {d-1} c = begin
normalize n d                                  ≡⟨⟩
mkℚ+ ((n ℕ./ g) {{g≢0}}) ((d ℕ./ g) {{g≢0}}) _ ≡⟨ mkℚ+-cong {c₂ = c₂} (ℕ./-congʳ {{g≢0}} g≡1) (ℕ./-congʳ {{g≢0}} g≡1) ⟩
mkℚ+ (n ℕ./ 1) (d ℕ./ 1) _                     ≡⟨ mkℚ+-cong {c₂ = c} (ℕ.n/1≡n n) (ℕ.n/1≡n d) ⟩
mkℚ+ n d _                                     ≡⟨⟩
mkℚ (+ n) d-1 _                                ∎
where
open ≡-Reasoning; d = suc d-1; g = ℕ.gcd n d
c′ = C.recompute c
c₂ : Coprime (n ℕ./ 1) (d ℕ./ 1)
c₂ = subst₂ Coprime (sym (ℕ.n/1≡n n)) (sym (ℕ.n/1≡n d)) c′
g≡1 = C.coprime⇒gcd≡1 c′
instance
g≢0   = ℕ.≢-nonZero (ℕ.gcd[m,n]≢0 n d (inj₂ λ()))
n/g≢0 = ℕ.≢-nonZero (ℕ.n/gcd[m,n]≢0 n d {{_}} {{g≢0}})
d/1≢0 = ℕ.≢-nonZero (subst (_≢ 0) (sym (ℕ.n/1≡n d)) λ())

↥-normalize : ∀ i n .{{_ : ℕ.NonZero n}} → ↥ (normalize i n) ℤ.* gcd (+ i) (+ n) ≡ + i
↥-normalize i n = begin
↥ (normalize i n) ℤ.* + g  ≡⟨ cong (ℤ._* + g) (↥-mkℚ+ _ (n ℕ./ g)) ⟩
+ i/g     ℤ.* + g          ≡⟨⟩
S.+ ◃ i/g ℕ.* g            ≡⟨ cong (S.+ ◃_) (ℕ.m/n*n≡m (ℕ.gcd[m,n]∣m i n)) ⟩
S.+ ◃ i                    ≡⟨ ℤ.+◃n≡+n i ⟩
+ i                        ∎
where
open ≡-Reasoning
g     = ℕ.gcd i n
instance g≢0 = ℕ.≢-nonZero (ℕ.gcd[m,n]≢0 i n (inj₂ (ℕ.≢-nonZero⁻¹ n)))
instance n/g≢0 = ℕ.≢-nonZero (ℕ.n/gcd[m,n]≢0 i n {{gcd≢0 = g≢0}})
i/g = (i ℕ./ g) {{g≢0}}

↧-normalize : ∀ i n .{{_ : ℕ.NonZero n}} → ↧ (normalize i n) ℤ.* gcd (+ i) (+ n) ≡ + n
↧-normalize i n = begin
↧ (normalize i n) ℤ.* + g  ≡⟨ cong (ℤ._* + g) (↧-mkℚ+ _ (n ℕ./ g)) ⟩
+ (n ℕ./ g)       ℤ.* + g  ≡⟨⟩
S.+ ◃ n ℕ./ g     ℕ.* g    ≡⟨ cong (S.+ ◃_) (ℕ.m/n*n≡m (ℕ.gcd[m,n]∣n i n)) ⟩
S.+ ◃ n                    ≡⟨ ℤ.+◃n≡+n n ⟩
+ n                        ∎
where
open ≡-Reasoning
g = ℕ.gcd i n
instance g≢0   = ℕ.≢-nonZero (ℕ.gcd[m,n]≢0   i n (inj₂ (ℕ.≢-nonZero⁻¹ n)))
instance n/g≢0 = ℕ.≢-nonZero (ℕ.n/gcd[m,n]≢0 i n {{gcd≢0 = g≢0}})

normalize-cong : ∀ {m₁ n₁ m₂ n₂} .{{_ : ℕ.NonZero n₁}} .{{_ : ℕ.NonZero n₂}} →
m₁ ≡ m₂ → n₁ ≡ n₂ → normalize m₁ n₁ ≡ normalize m₂ n₂
normalize-cong {m} {n} refl refl =
mkℚ+-cong (ℕ./-congʳ {n = g} refl) (ℕ./-congʳ {n = g} refl)
where
g = ℕ.gcd m n
instance
g≢0   = ℕ.≢-nonZero (ℕ.gcd[m,n]≢0 m n (inj₂ (ℕ.≢-nonZero⁻¹ n)))
n/g≢0 = ℕ.≢-nonZero (ℕ.n/gcd[m,n]≢0 m n {{gcd≢0 = g≢0}})

normalize-nonNeg : ∀ m n .{{_ : ℕ.NonZero n}} → NonNegative (normalize m n)
normalize-nonNeg m n = mkℚ+-nonNeg (m ℕ./ g) (n ℕ./ g)
where
g = ℕ.gcd m n
instance
g≢0   = ℕ.≢-nonZero (ℕ.gcd[m,n]≢0 m n (inj₂ (ℕ.≢-nonZero⁻¹ n)))
n/g≢0 = ℕ.≢-nonZero (ℕ.n/gcd[m,n]≢0 m n {{gcd≢0 = g≢0}})

normalize-pos : ∀ m n .{{_ : ℕ.NonZero n}} .{{_ : ℕ.NonZero m}} → Positive (normalize m n)
normalize-pos m n = mkℚ+-pos (m ℕ./ ℕ.gcd m n) (n ℕ./ ℕ.gcd m n)
where
g = ℕ.gcd m n
instance
g≢0   = ℕ.≢-nonZero (ℕ.gcd[m,n]≢0 m n (inj₂ (ℕ.≢-nonZero⁻¹ n)))
n/g≢0 = ℕ.≢-nonZero (ℕ.n/gcd[m,n]≢0 m n {{gcd≢0 = g≢0}})
m/g≢0 = ℕ.≢-nonZero (ℕ.m/gcd[m,n]≢0 m n {{gcd≢0 = g≢0}})

normalize-injective-≃ : ∀ m n c d {{_ : ℕ.NonZero c}} {{_ : ℕ.NonZero d}} →
normalize m c ≡ normalize n d →
m ℕ.* d ≡ n ℕ.* c
normalize-injective-≃ m n c d eq = ℕ./-cancelʳ-≡
md∣gcd[m,c]gcd[n,d]
nc∣gcd[m,c]gcd[n,d]
(begin
(m ℕ.* d) ℕ./ (gcd[m,c] ℕ.* gcd[n,d]) ≡⟨  ℕ./-*-interchange gcd[m,c]∣m gcd[n,d]∣d ⟩
(m ℕ./ gcd[m,c]) ℕ.* (d ℕ./ gcd[n,d]) ≡⟨  cong₂ ℕ._*_ m/gcd[m,c]≡n/gcd[n,d] (sym c/gcd[m,c]≡d/gcd[n,d]) ⟩
(n ℕ./ gcd[n,d]) ℕ.* (c ℕ./ gcd[m,c]) ≡˘⟨ ℕ./-*-interchange gcd[n,d]∣n gcd[m,c]∣c ⟩
(n ℕ.* c) ℕ./ (gcd[n,d] ℕ.* gcd[m,c]) ≡⟨  ℕ./-congʳ (ℕ.*-comm gcd[n,d] gcd[m,c]) ⟩
(n ℕ.* c) ℕ./ (gcd[m,c] ℕ.* gcd[n,d]) ∎)
where
open ≡-Reasoning
gcd[m,c]   = ℕ.gcd m c
gcd[n,d]   = ℕ.gcd n d
gcd[m,c]∣m = ℕ.gcd[m,n]∣m m c
gcd[m,c]∣c = ℕ.gcd[m,n]∣n m c
gcd[n,d]∣n = ℕ.gcd[m,n]∣m n d
gcd[n,d]∣d = ℕ.gcd[m,n]∣n n d
md∣gcd[m,c]gcd[n,d] = *-pres-∣ gcd[m,c]∣m gcd[n,d]∣d
nc∣gcd[n,d]gcd[m,c] = *-pres-∣ gcd[n,d]∣n gcd[m,c]∣c
nc∣gcd[m,c]gcd[n,d] = subst (_∣ n ℕ.* c) (ℕ.*-comm gcd[n,d] gcd[m,c]) nc∣gcd[n,d]gcd[m,c]

gcd[m,c]≢0′          = ℕ.gcd[m,n]≢0 m c (inj₂ (ℕ.≢-nonZero⁻¹ c))
gcd[n,d]≢0′          = ℕ.gcd[m,n]≢0 n d (inj₂ (ℕ.≢-nonZero⁻¹ d))
gcd[m,c]*gcd[n,d]≢0′ = Sum.[ gcd[m,c]≢0′ , gcd[n,d]≢0′ ] ∘ ℕ.m*n≡0⇒m≡0∨n≡0 _
instance
gcd[m,c]≢0   = ℕ.≢-nonZero gcd[m,c]≢0′
gcd[n,d]≢0   = ℕ.≢-nonZero gcd[n,d]≢0′
c/gcd[m,c]≢0 = ℕ.≢-nonZero (ℕ.n/gcd[m,n]≢0 m c {{gcd≢0 = gcd[m,c]≢0}})
d/gcd[n,d]≢0 = ℕ.≢-nonZero (ℕ.n/gcd[m,n]≢0 n d {{gcd≢0 = gcd[n,d]≢0}})
gcd[m,c]*gcd[n,d]≢0 = ℕ.≢-nonZero gcd[m,c]*gcd[n,d]≢0′
gcd[n,d]*gcd[m,c]≢0 = ℕ.≢-nonZero (subst (_≢ 0) (ℕ.*-comm gcd[m,c] gcd[n,d]) gcd[m,c]*gcd[n,d]≢0′)

div = mkℚ+-injective eq
m/gcd[m,c]≡n/gcd[n,d] = proj₁ div
c/gcd[m,c]≡d/gcd[n,d] = proj₂ div

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Properties of _/_
------------------------------------------------------------------------

↥-/ : ∀ i n .{{_ : ℕ.NonZero n}} → ↥ (i / n) ℤ.* gcd i (+ n) ≡ i
↥-/ (+ m)    n = ↥-normalize m n
↥-/ -[1+ m ] n = begin-equality
↥ (- norm)   ℤ.* + g  ≡⟨ cong (ℤ._* + g) (↥-neg norm) ⟩
ℤ.- (↥ norm) ℤ.* + g  ≡⟨ sym (ℤ.neg-distribˡ-* (↥ norm) (+ g)) ⟩
ℤ.- (↥ norm  ℤ.* + g) ≡⟨ cong (ℤ.-_) (↥-normalize (suc m) n) ⟩
S.- ◃ suc m           ≡⟨⟩
-[1+ m ]              ∎
where
open ℤ.≤-Reasoning
g    = ℕ.gcd (suc m) n
norm = normalize (suc m) n

↧-/ : ∀ i n .{{_ : ℕ.NonZero n}} → ↧ (i / n) ℤ.* gcd i (+ n) ≡ + n
↧-/ (+ m)    n = ↧-normalize m n
↧-/ -[1+ m ] n = begin-equality
↧ (- norm) ℤ.* + g  ≡⟨ cong (ℤ._* + g) (↧-neg norm) ⟩
↧ norm     ℤ.* + g  ≡⟨ ↧-normalize (suc m) n ⟩
+ n                 ∎
where
open ℤ.≤-Reasoning
g    = ℕ.gcd (suc m) n
norm = normalize (suc m) n

↥p/↧p≡p : ∀ p → ↥ p / ↧ₙ p ≡ p
↥p/↧p≡p (mkℚ (+ n)    d-1 prf) = normalize-coprime prf
↥p/↧p≡p (mkℚ -[1+ n ] d-1 prf) = cong (-_) (normalize-coprime prf)

0/n≡0 : ∀ n .{{_ : ℕ.NonZero n}} → 0ℤ / n ≡ 0ℚ
0/n≡0 n@(suc n-1) {{n≢0}} = mkℚ+-cong {{n/n≢0}} {c₂ = 0-cop-1} (ℕ.0/n≡0 (ℕ.gcd 0 n)) (ℕ.n/n≡1 n)
where
0-cop-1 = C.sym (C.1-coprimeTo 0)
n/n≢0   = ℕ.>-nonZero (subst (ℕ._> 0) (sym (ℕ.n/n≡1 n)) (ℕ.z<s))

/-cong : ∀ {p₁ q₁ p₂ q₂} .{{_ : ℕ.NonZero q₁}} .{{_ : ℕ.NonZero q₂}} →
p₁ ≡ p₂ → q₁ ≡ q₂ → p₁ / q₁ ≡ p₂ / q₂
/-cong {+ n}       refl = normalize-cong {n} refl
/-cong { -[1+ n ]} refl = cong -_ ∘′ normalize-cong {suc n} refl

private
/-injective-≃-helper : ∀ {m n c d} .{{_ : ℕ.NonZero c}} .{{_ : ℕ.NonZero d}} →
- normalize (suc m) c ≡ normalize n d →
mkℚᵘ -[1+ m ] (ℕ.pred c) ≃ᵘ mkℚᵘ (+ n) (ℕ.pred d)
/-injective-≃-helper {m} {n} {c} {d} -norm≡norm = contradiction
(sym -norm≡norm)
(nonNeg≢neg (normalize n d) (- normalize (suc m) c))
where instance
_ : NonNegative (normalize n d)
_ = normalize-nonNeg n d

_ : Negative (- normalize (suc m) c)
_ = neg-pos {normalize (suc m) c} (normalize-pos (suc m) c)

/-injective-≃ : ∀ p q → ↥ᵘ p / ↧ₙᵘ p ≡ ↥ᵘ q / ↧ₙᵘ q → p ≃ᵘ q
/-injective-≃ (mkℚᵘ (+ m)    c-1) (mkℚᵘ (+ n)    d-1) eq =
*≡* (cong (S.+ ◃_) (normalize-injective-≃ m n _ _ eq))
/-injective-≃ (mkℚᵘ (+ m)    c-1) (mkℚᵘ -[1+ n ] d-1) eq =
ℚᵘ.≃-sym (/-injective-≃-helper (sym eq))
/-injective-≃ (mkℚᵘ -[1+ m ] c-1) (mkℚᵘ (+ n)    d-1) eq =
/-injective-≃-helper eq
/-injective-≃ (mkℚᵘ -[1+ m ] c-1) (mkℚᵘ -[1+ n ] d-1) eq =
*≡* (cong (S.- ◃_) (normalize-injective-≃ (suc m) (suc n) _ _ (neg-injective eq)))

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Properties of toℚ/fromℚ
------------------------------------------------------------------------

↥ᵘ-toℚᵘ : ∀ p → ↥ᵘ (toℚᵘ p) ≡ ↥ p
↥ᵘ-toℚᵘ p@record{} = refl

↧ᵘ-toℚᵘ : ∀ p → ↧ᵘ (toℚᵘ p) ≡ ↧ p
↧ᵘ-toℚᵘ p@record{} = refl

toℚᵘ-injective : Injective _≡_ _≃ᵘ_ toℚᵘ
toℚᵘ-injective {x@record{}} {y@record{}} (*≡* eq) = ≃⇒≡ eq

fromℚᵘ-injective : Injective _≃ᵘ_ _≡_ fromℚᵘ
fromℚᵘ-injective {p@record{}} {q@record{}} = /-injective-≃ p q

fromℚᵘ-toℚᵘ : ∀ p → fromℚᵘ (toℚᵘ p) ≡ p
fromℚᵘ-toℚᵘ (mkℚ (+ n)      d-1 c) = normalize-coprime c
fromℚᵘ-toℚᵘ (mkℚ (-[1+ n ]) d-1 c) = cong (-_) (normalize-coprime c)

toℚᵘ-fromℚᵘ : ∀ p → toℚᵘ (fromℚᵘ p) ≃ᵘ p
toℚᵘ-fromℚᵘ p = fromℚᵘ-injective (fromℚᵘ-toℚᵘ (fromℚᵘ p))

toℚᵘ-cong : toℚᵘ Preserves _≡_ ⟶ _≃ᵘ_
toℚᵘ-cong refl = *≡* refl

fromℚᵘ-cong : fromℚᵘ Preserves _≃ᵘ_ ⟶ _≡_
fromℚᵘ-cong {p} {q} p≃q = toℚᵘ-injective (begin-equality
toℚᵘ (fromℚᵘ p)  ≃⟨  toℚᵘ-fromℚᵘ p ⟩
p                ≃⟨  p≃q ⟩
q                ≃˘⟨ toℚᵘ-fromℚᵘ q ⟩
toℚᵘ (fromℚᵘ q)  ∎)
where open ℚᵘ.≤-Reasoning

toℚᵘ-isRelHomomorphism : IsRelHomomorphism _≡_ _≃ᵘ_ toℚᵘ
toℚᵘ-isRelHomomorphism = record
{ cong = toℚᵘ-cong
}

toℚᵘ-isRelMonomorphism : IsRelMonomorphism _≡_ _≃ᵘ_ toℚᵘ
toℚᵘ-isRelMonomorphism = record
{ isHomomorphism = toℚᵘ-isRelHomomorphism
; injective      = toℚᵘ-injective
}

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Properties of _≤_
------------------------------------------------------------------------

drop-*≤* : p ≤ q → (↥ p ℤ.* ↧ q) ℤ.≤ (↥ q ℤ.* ↧ p)
drop-*≤* (*≤* pq≤qp) = pq≤qp

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- toℚᵘ is a isomorphism

toℚᵘ-mono-≤ : p ≤ q → toℚᵘ p ≤ᵘ toℚᵘ q
toℚᵘ-mono-≤ {p@record{}} {q@record{}} (*≤* p≤q) = *≤* p≤q

toℚᵘ-cancel-≤ : toℚᵘ p ≤ᵘ toℚᵘ q → p ≤ q
toℚᵘ-cancel-≤ {p@record{}} {q@record{}} (*≤* p≤q) = *≤* p≤q

toℚᵘ-isOrderHomomorphism-≤ : IsOrderHomomorphism _≡_ _≃ᵘ_ _≤_ _≤ᵘ_ toℚᵘ
toℚᵘ-isOrderHomomorphism-≤ = record
{ cong = toℚᵘ-cong
; mono = toℚᵘ-mono-≤
}

toℚᵘ-isOrderMonomorphism-≤ : IsOrderMonomorphism _≡_ _≃ᵘ_ _≤_ _≤ᵘ_ toℚᵘ
toℚᵘ-isOrderMonomorphism-≤ = record
{ isOrderHomomorphism = toℚᵘ-isOrderHomomorphism-≤
; injective           = toℚᵘ-injective
; cancel              = toℚᵘ-cancel-≤
}

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Relational properties

private
module ≤-Monomorphism = OrderMonomorphisms toℚᵘ-isOrderMonomorphism-≤

≤-reflexive : _≡_ ⇒ _≤_
≤-reflexive refl = *≤* ℤ.≤-refl

≤-refl : Reflexive _≤_
≤-refl = ≤-reflexive refl

≤-trans : Transitive _≤_
≤-trans = ≤-Monomorphism.trans ℚᵘ.≤-trans

≤-antisym : Antisymmetric _≡_ _≤_
≤-antisym (*≤* le₁) (*≤* le₂) = ≃⇒≡ (ℤ.≤-antisym le₁ le₂)

≤-total : Total _≤_
≤-total p q = [ inj₁ ∘ *≤* , inj₂ ∘ *≤* ]′ (ℤ.≤-total (↥ p ℤ.* ↧ q) (↥ q ℤ.* ↧ p))

infix 4 _≤?_ _≥?_

_≤?_ : Decidable _≤_
p ≤? q = Dec.map′ *≤* drop-*≤* (↥ p ℤ.* ↧ q ℤ.≤? ↥ q ℤ.* ↧ p)

_≥?_ : Decidable _≥_
_≥?_ = flip _≤?_

≤-irrelevant : Irrelevant _≤_
≤-irrelevant (*≤* p≤q₁) (*≤* p≤q₂) = cong *≤* (ℤ.≤-irrelevant p≤q₁ p≤q₂)

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Structures

≤-isPreorder : IsPreorder _≡_ _≤_
≤-isPreorder = record
{ isEquivalence = isEquivalence
; reflexive     = ≤-reflexive
; trans         = ≤-trans
}

≤-isTotalPreorder : IsTotalPreorder _≡_ _≤_
≤-isTotalPreorder = record
{ isPreorder = ≤-isPreorder
; total      = ≤-total
}

≤-isPartialOrder : IsPartialOrder _≡_ _≤_
≤-isPartialOrder = record
{ isPreorder = ≤-isPreorder
; antisym    = ≤-antisym
}

≤-isTotalOrder : IsTotalOrder _≡_ _≤_
≤-isTotalOrder = record
{ isPartialOrder = ≤-isPartialOrder
; total          = ≤-total
}

≤-isDecTotalOrder : IsDecTotalOrder _≡_ _≤_
≤-isDecTotalOrder = record
{ isTotalOrder = ≤-isTotalOrder
; _≟_          = _≟_
; _≤?_         = _≤?_
}

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Bundles

≤-totalPreorder : TotalPreorder 0ℓ 0ℓ 0ℓ
≤-totalPreorder = record
{ isTotalPreorder = ≤-isTotalPreorder
}

≤-decTotalOrder : DecTotalOrder _ _ _
≤-decTotalOrder = record
{ Carrier         = ℚ
; _≈_             = _≡_
; _≤_             = _≤_
; isDecTotalOrder = ≤-isDecTotalOrder
}

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Properties of _<_
------------------------------------------------------------------------

drop-*<* : p < q → (↥ p ℤ.* ↧ q) ℤ.< (↥ q ℤ.* ↧ p)
drop-*<* (*<* pq<qp) = pq<qp

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- toℚᵘ is a isomorphism

toℚᵘ-mono-< : p < q → toℚᵘ p <ᵘ toℚᵘ q
toℚᵘ-mono-< {p@record{}} {q@record{}} (*<* p<q) = *<* p<q

toℚᵘ-cancel-< : toℚᵘ p <ᵘ toℚᵘ q → p < q
toℚᵘ-cancel-< {p@record{}} {q@record{}} (*<* p<q) = *<* p<q

toℚᵘ-isOrderHomomorphism-< : IsOrderHomomorphism _≡_ _≃ᵘ_ _<_ _<ᵘ_ toℚᵘ
toℚᵘ-isOrderHomomorphism-< = record
{ cong = toℚᵘ-cong
; mono = toℚᵘ-mono-<
}

toℚᵘ-isOrderMonomorphism-< : IsOrderMonomorphism _≡_ _≃ᵘ_ _<_ _<ᵘ_ toℚᵘ
toℚᵘ-isOrderMonomorphism-< = record
{ isOrderHomomorphism = toℚᵘ-isOrderHomomorphism-<
; injective           = toℚᵘ-injective
; cancel              = toℚᵘ-cancel-<
}

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Relational properties

<⇒≤ : _<_ ⇒ _≤_
<⇒≤ (*<* p<q) = *≤* (ℤ.<⇒≤ p<q)

≮⇒≥ : _≮_ ⇒ _≥_
≮⇒≥ {p} {q} p≮q = *≤* (ℤ.≮⇒≥ (p≮q ∘ *<*))

≰⇒> : _≰_ ⇒ _>_
≰⇒> {p} {q} p≰q = *<* (ℤ.≰⇒> (p≰q ∘ *≤*))

<⇒≢ : _<_ ⇒ _≢_
<⇒≢ {p} {q} (*<* p<q) = ℤ.<⇒≢ p<q ∘ ≡⇒≃

<-irrefl : Irreflexive _≡_ _<_
<-irrefl refl (*<* p<p) = ℤ.<-irrefl refl p<p

<-asym : Asymmetric _<_
<-asym (*<* p<q) (*<* q<p) = ℤ.<-asym p<q q<p

<-≤-trans : Trans _<_ _≤_ _<_
<-≤-trans {p} {q} {r} (*<* p<q) (*≤* q≤r) = *<*
(ℤ.*-cancelʳ-<-nonNeg _ (begin-strict
let n₁ = ↥ p; n₂ = ↥ q; n₃ = ↥ r; sd₁ = ↧ p; sd₂ = ↧ q; sd₃ = ↧ r in
(n₁  ℤ.* sd₃) ℤ.* sd₂  ≡⟨ ℤ.*-assoc n₁ sd₃ sd₂ ⟩
n₁   ℤ.* (sd₃ ℤ.* sd₂) ≡⟨ cong (n₁ ℤ.*_) (ℤ.*-comm sd₃ sd₂) ⟩
n₁   ℤ.* (sd₂ ℤ.* sd₃) ≡⟨ sym (ℤ.*-assoc n₁ sd₂ sd₃) ⟩
(n₁  ℤ.* sd₂) ℤ.* sd₃  <⟨ ℤ.*-monoʳ-<-pos (↧ r) p<q ⟩
(n₂  ℤ.* sd₁) ℤ.* sd₃  ≡⟨ cong (ℤ._* sd₃) (ℤ.*-comm n₂ sd₁) ⟩
(sd₁ ℤ.* n₂)  ℤ.* sd₃  ≡⟨ ℤ.*-assoc sd₁ n₂ sd₃ ⟩
sd₁  ℤ.* (n₂  ℤ.* sd₃) ≤⟨ ℤ.*-monoˡ-≤-nonNeg (↧ p) q≤r ⟩
sd₁  ℤ.* (n₃  ℤ.* sd₂) ≡⟨ sym (ℤ.*-assoc sd₁ n₃ sd₂) ⟩
(sd₁ ℤ.* n₃)  ℤ.* sd₂  ≡⟨ cong (ℤ._* sd₂) (ℤ.*-comm sd₁ n₃) ⟩
(n₃  ℤ.* sd₁) ℤ.* sd₂  ∎))
where open ℤ.≤-Reasoning

≤-<-trans : Trans _≤_ _<_ _<_
≤-<-trans {p} {q} {r} (*≤* p≤q) (*<* q<r) = *<*
(ℤ.*-cancelʳ-<-nonNeg _ (begin-strict
let n₁ = ↥ p; n₂ = ↥ q; n₃ = ↥ r; sd₁ = ↧ p; sd₂ = ↧ q; sd₃ = ↧ r in
(n₁  ℤ.* sd₃) ℤ.* sd₂  ≡⟨ ℤ.*-assoc n₁ sd₃ sd₂ ⟩
n₁   ℤ.* (sd₃ ℤ.* sd₂) ≡⟨ cong (n₁ ℤ.*_) (ℤ.*-comm sd₃ sd₂) ⟩
n₁   ℤ.* (sd₂ ℤ.* sd₃) ≡⟨ sym (ℤ.*-assoc n₁ sd₂ sd₃) ⟩
(n₁  ℤ.* sd₂) ℤ.* sd₃  ≤⟨ ℤ.*-monoʳ-≤-nonNeg (↧ r) p≤q ⟩
(n₂  ℤ.* sd₁) ℤ.* sd₃  ≡⟨ cong (ℤ._* sd₃) (ℤ.*-comm n₂ sd₁) ⟩
(sd₁ ℤ.* n₂)  ℤ.* sd₃  ≡⟨ ℤ.*-assoc sd₁ n₂ sd₃ ⟩
sd₁  ℤ.* (n₂  ℤ.* sd₃) <⟨ ℤ.*-monoˡ-<-pos (↧ p) q<r ⟩
sd₁  ℤ.* (n₃  ℤ.* sd₂) ≡⟨ sym (ℤ.*-assoc sd₁ n₃ sd₂) ⟩
(sd₁ ℤ.* n₃)  ℤ.* sd₂  ≡⟨ cong (ℤ._* sd₂) (ℤ.*-comm sd₁ n₃) ⟩
(n₃  ℤ.* sd₁) ℤ.* sd₂  ∎))
where open ℤ.≤-Reasoning

<-trans : Transitive _<_
<-trans p<q = ≤-<-trans (<⇒≤ p<q)

infix 4 _<?_ _>?_

_<?_ : Decidable _<_
p <? q = Dec.map′ *<* drop-*<* ((↥ p ℤ.* ↧ q) ℤ.<? (↥ q ℤ.* ↧ p))

_>?_ : Decidable _>_
_>?_ = flip _<?_

<-cmp : Trichotomous _≡_ _<_
<-cmp p q with ℤ.<-cmp (↥ p ℤ.* ↧ q) (↥ q ℤ.* ↧ p)
... | tri< < ≢ ≯ = tri< (*<* <)        (≢ ∘ ≡⇒≃) (≯ ∘ drop-*<*)
... | tri≈ ≮ ≡ ≯ = tri≈ (≮ ∘ drop-*<*) (≃⇒≡ ≡)   (≯ ∘ drop-*<*)
... | tri> ≮ ≢ > = tri> (≮ ∘ drop-*<*) (≢ ∘ ≡⇒≃) (*<* >)

<-irrelevant : Irrelevant _<_
<-irrelevant (*<* p<q₁) (*<* p<q₂) = cong *<* (ℤ.<-irrelevant p<q₁ p<q₂)

<-respʳ-≡ : _<_ Respectsʳ _≡_
<-respʳ-≡ = subst (_ <_)

<-respˡ-≡ : _<_ Respectsˡ _≡_
<-respˡ-≡ = subst (_< _)

<-resp-≡ : _<_ Respects₂ _≡_
<-resp-≡ = <-respʳ-≡ , <-respˡ-≡

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Structures

<-isStrictPartialOrder : IsStrictPartialOrder _≡_ _<_
<-isStrictPartialOrder = record
{ isEquivalence = isEquivalence
; irrefl        = <-irrefl
; trans         = <-trans
; <-resp-≈      = <-resp-≡
}

<-isStrictTotalOrder : IsStrictTotalOrder _≡_ _<_
<-isStrictTotalOrder = record
{ isEquivalence = isEquivalence
; trans         = <-trans
; compare       = <-cmp
}

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Bundles

<-strictPartialOrder : StrictPartialOrder 0ℓ 0ℓ 0ℓ
<-strictPartialOrder = record
{ isStrictPartialOrder = <-isStrictPartialOrder
}

<-strictTotalOrder : StrictTotalOrder 0ℓ 0ℓ 0ℓ
<-strictTotalOrder = record
{ isStrictTotalOrder = <-isStrictTotalOrder
}

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- A specialised module for reasoning about the _≤_ and _<_ relations
------------------------------------------------------------------------

module ≤-Reasoning where
import Relation.Binary.Reasoning.Base.Triple
≤-isPreorder
<-trans
(resp₂ _<_)
<⇒≤
<-≤-trans
≤-<-trans
as Triple
open Triple public hiding (step-≈; step-≈˘)

infixr 2 step-≃ step-≃˘

step-≃  = Triple.step-≈
step-≃˘ = Triple.step-≈˘

syntax step-≃  x y∼z x≃y = x ≃⟨  x≃y ⟩ y∼z
syntax step-≃˘ x y∼z y≃x = x ≃˘⟨ y≃x ⟩ y∼z

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Properties of Positive/NonPositive/Negative/NonNegative and _≤_/_<_

positive⁻¹ : ∀ p → .{{Positive p}} → p > 0ℚ
positive⁻¹ p = toℚᵘ-cancel-< (ℚᵘ.positive⁻¹ (toℚᵘ p))

nonNegative⁻¹ : ∀ p → .{{NonNegative p}} → p ≥ 0ℚ
nonNegative⁻¹ p = toℚᵘ-cancel-≤ (ℚᵘ.nonNegative⁻¹ (toℚᵘ p))

negative⁻¹ : ∀ p → .{{Negative p}} → p < 0ℚ
negative⁻¹ p = toℚᵘ-cancel-< (ℚᵘ.negative⁻¹ (toℚᵘ p))

nonPositive⁻¹ : ∀ p → .{{NonPositive p}} → p ≤ 0ℚ
nonPositive⁻¹ p = toℚᵘ-cancel-≤ (ℚᵘ.nonPositive⁻¹ (toℚᵘ p))

neg<pos : ∀ p q → .{{Negative p}} → .{{Positive q}} → p < q
neg<pos p q = toℚᵘ-cancel-< (ℚᵘ.neg<pos (toℚᵘ p) (toℚᵘ q))

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Properties of -_ and _≤_/_<_

neg-antimono-< : -_ Preserves _<_ ⟶ _>_
neg-antimono-< {mkℚ -[1+ _ ] _ _} {mkℚ -[1+ _ ] _ _} (*<* (ℤ.-<- n<m)) = *<* (ℤ.+<+ (ℕ.s<s n<m))
neg-antimono-< {mkℚ -[1+ _ ] _ _} {mkℚ +0       _ _} (*<* ℤ.-<+)       = *<* (ℤ.+<+ ℕ.z<s)
neg-antimono-< {mkℚ -[1+ _ ] _ _} {mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _} (*<* ℤ.-<+)       = *<* ℤ.-<+
neg-antimono-< {mkℚ +0       _ _} {mkℚ +0       _ _} (*<* (ℤ.+<+ m<n)) = *<* (ℤ.+<+ m<n)
neg-antimono-< {mkℚ +0       _ _} {mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _} (*<* (ℤ.+<+ m<n)) = *<* ℤ.-<+
neg-antimono-< {mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _} {mkℚ +0       _ _} (*<* (ℤ.+<+ ()))
neg-antimono-< {mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _} {mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _} (*<* (ℤ.+<+ (ℕ.s<s m<n))) = *<* (ℤ.-<- m<n)

neg-antimono-≤ : -_ Preserves _≤_ ⟶ _≥_
neg-antimono-≤ {mkℚ -[1+ _ ] _ _} {mkℚ -[1+ _ ] _ _} (*≤* (ℤ.-≤- n≤m)) = *≤* (ℤ.+≤+ (ℕ.s≤s n≤m))
neg-antimono-≤ {mkℚ -[1+ _ ] _ _} {mkℚ +0       _ _} (*≤* ℤ.-≤+)       = *≤* (ℤ.+≤+ ℕ.z≤n)
neg-antimono-≤ {mkℚ -[1+ _ ] _ _} {mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _} (*≤* ℤ.-≤+)       = *≤* ℤ.-≤+
neg-antimono-≤ {mkℚ +0       _ _} {mkℚ +0       _ _} (*≤* (ℤ.+≤+ m≤n)) = *≤* (ℤ.+≤+ m≤n)
neg-antimono-≤ {mkℚ +0       _ _} {mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _} (*≤* (ℤ.+≤+ m≤n)) = *≤* ℤ.-≤+
neg-antimono-≤ {mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _} {mkℚ +0       _ _} (*≤* (ℤ.+≤+ ()))
neg-antimono-≤ {mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _} {mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _} (*≤* (ℤ.+≤+ (ℕ.s≤s m≤n))) = *≤* (ℤ.-≤- m≤n)

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Properties of _≤ᵇ_
------------------------------------------------------------------------

≤ᵇ⇒≤ : T (p ≤ᵇ q) → p ≤ q
≤ᵇ⇒≤ = *≤* ∘′ ℤ.≤ᵇ⇒≤

≤⇒≤ᵇ : p ≤ q → T (p ≤ᵇ q)
≤⇒≤ᵇ = ℤ.≤⇒≤ᵇ ∘′ drop-*≤*

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Properties of _+_
------------------------------------------------------------------------

private
↥+ᵘ : ℚ → ℚ → ℤ
↥+ᵘ p q = ↥ p ℤ.* ↧ q ℤ.+ ↥ q ℤ.* ↧ p

↧+ᵘ : ℚ → ℚ → ℤ
↧+ᵘ p q = ↧ p ℤ.* ↧ q

+-nf : ℚ → ℚ → ℤ
+-nf p q = gcd (↥+ᵘ p q) (↧+ᵘ p q)

↥-+ : ∀ p q → ↥ (p + q) ℤ.* +-nf p q ≡ ↥+ᵘ p q
↥-+ p@record{} q@record{} = ↥-/ (↥+ᵘ p q) (↧ₙ p ℕ.* ↧ₙ q)

↧-+ : ∀ p q → ↧ (p + q) ℤ.* +-nf p q ≡ ↧+ᵘ p q
↧-+ p@record{} q@record{} = ↧-/ (↥+ᵘ p q) (↧ₙ p ℕ.* ↧ₙ q)

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Monomorphic to unnormalised _+_

open Definitions ℚ ℚᵘ ℚᵘ._≃_

toℚᵘ-homo-+ : Homomorphic₂ toℚᵘ _+_ ℚᵘ._+_
toℚᵘ-homo-+ p@record{} q@record{} with +-nf p q ℤ.≟ 0ℤ
... | yes nf[p,q]≡0 = *≡* \$ begin
↥ᵘ (toℚᵘ (p + q)) ℤ.* ↧+ᵘ p q   ≡⟨ cong (ℤ._* ↧+ᵘ p q) (↥ᵘ-toℚᵘ (p + q)) ⟩
↥ (p + q) ℤ.* ↧+ᵘ p q           ≡⟨ cong (ℤ._* ↧+ᵘ p q) eq ⟩
0ℤ        ℤ.* ↧+ᵘ p q           ≡⟨⟩
0ℤ        ℤ.* ↧ (p + q)         ≡⟨ cong (ℤ._* ↧ (p + q)) (sym eq2) ⟩
↥+ᵘ p q   ℤ.* ↧ (p + q)         ≡⟨ cong (↥+ᵘ p q ℤ.*_) (sym (↧ᵘ-toℚᵘ (p + q))) ⟩
↥+ᵘ p q   ℤ.* ↧ᵘ (toℚᵘ (p + q)) ∎
where
open ≡-Reasoning
eq2 : ↥+ᵘ p q ≡ 0ℤ
eq2 = gcd[i,j]≡0⇒i≡0 (↥+ᵘ p q) (↧+ᵘ p q) nf[p,q]≡0

eq : ↥ (p + q) ≡ 0ℤ
eq rewrite eq2 = cong ↥_ (0/n≡0 (↧ₙ p ℕ.* ↧ₙ q))

... | no  nf[p,q]≢0 = *≡* \$ ℤ.*-cancelʳ-≡ _ _ (+-nf p q) {{ℤ.≢-nonZero nf[p,q]≢0}} \$ begin
(↥ᵘ (toℚᵘ (p + q))) ℤ.* ↧+ᵘ p q  ℤ.* +-nf p q ≡⟨ cong (λ v → v ℤ.* ↧+ᵘ p q ℤ.* +-nf p q) (↥ᵘ-toℚᵘ (p + q)) ⟩
↥ (p + q) ℤ.* ↧+ᵘ p q ℤ.* +-nf p q            ≡⟨ xy∙z≈xz∙y (↥ (p + q)) _ _ ⟩
↥ (p + q) ℤ.* +-nf p q ℤ.* ↧+ᵘ p q            ≡⟨ cong (ℤ._* ↧+ᵘ p q) (↥-+ p q) ⟩
↥+ᵘ p q ℤ.* ↧+ᵘ p q                           ≡⟨ cong (↥+ᵘ p q ℤ.*_) (sym (↧-+ p q)) ⟩
↥+ᵘ p q ℤ.* (↧ (p + q) ℤ.* +-nf p q)          ≡⟨ x∙yz≈xy∙z (↥+ᵘ p q) _ _ ⟩
↥+ᵘ p q ℤ.* ↧ (p + q)  ℤ.* +-nf p q           ≡˘⟨ cong (λ v → ↥+ᵘ p q ℤ.* v ℤ.* +-nf p q) (↧ᵘ-toℚᵘ (p + q)) ⟩
↥+ᵘ p q ℤ.* ↧ᵘ (toℚᵘ (p + q)) ℤ.* +-nf p q    ∎
where open ≡-Reasoning; open CommSemigroupProperties ℤ.*-commutativeSemigroup

toℚᵘ-isMagmaHomomorphism-+ : IsMagmaHomomorphism +-rawMagma ℚᵘ.+-rawMagma toℚᵘ
toℚᵘ-isMagmaHomomorphism-+ = record
{ isRelHomomorphism = toℚᵘ-isRelHomomorphism
; homo              = toℚᵘ-homo-+
}

toℚᵘ-isMonoidHomomorphism-+ : IsMonoidHomomorphism +-0-rawMonoid ℚᵘ.+-0-rawMonoid toℚᵘ
toℚᵘ-isMonoidHomomorphism-+ = record
{ isMagmaHomomorphism = toℚᵘ-isMagmaHomomorphism-+
; ε-homo              = ℚᵘ.≃-refl
}

toℚᵘ-isMonoidMonomorphism-+ : IsMonoidMonomorphism +-0-rawMonoid ℚᵘ.+-0-rawMonoid toℚᵘ
toℚᵘ-isMonoidMonomorphism-+ = record
{ isMonoidHomomorphism = toℚᵘ-isMonoidHomomorphism-+
; injective            = toℚᵘ-injective
}

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Monomorphic to unnormalised -_

toℚᵘ-homo‿- : Homomorphic₁ toℚᵘ (-_) (ℚᵘ.-_)
toℚᵘ-homo‿- (mkℚ +0       _ _) = *≡* refl
toℚᵘ-homo‿- (mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _) = *≡* refl
toℚᵘ-homo‿- (mkℚ -[1+ _ ] _ _) = *≡* refl

toℚᵘ-isGroupHomomorphism-+ : IsGroupHomomorphism +-0-rawGroup ℚᵘ.+-0-rawGroup toℚᵘ
toℚᵘ-isGroupHomomorphism-+ = record
{ isMonoidHomomorphism = toℚᵘ-isMonoidHomomorphism-+
; ⁻¹-homo              = toℚᵘ-homo‿-
}

toℚᵘ-isGroupMonomorphism-+ : IsGroupMonomorphism +-0-rawGroup ℚᵘ.+-0-rawGroup toℚᵘ
toℚᵘ-isGroupMonomorphism-+ = record
{ isGroupHomomorphism = toℚᵘ-isGroupHomomorphism-+
; injective           = toℚᵘ-injective
}

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Algebraic properties

private
module +-Monomorphism = GroupMonomorphisms toℚᵘ-isGroupMonomorphism-+

+-assoc : Associative _+_
+-assoc = +-Monomorphism.assoc ℚᵘ.+-isMagma ℚᵘ.+-assoc

+-comm : Commutative _+_
+-comm = +-Monomorphism.comm ℚᵘ.+-isMagma ℚᵘ.+-comm

+-identityˡ : LeftIdentity 0ℚ _+_
+-identityˡ = +-Monomorphism.identityˡ ℚᵘ.+-isMagma ℚᵘ.+-identityˡ

+-identityʳ : RightIdentity 0ℚ _+_
+-identityʳ = +-Monomorphism.identityʳ ℚᵘ.+-isMagma ℚᵘ.+-identityʳ

+-identity : Identity 0ℚ _+_
+-identity = +-identityˡ , +-identityʳ

+-inverseˡ : LeftInverse 0ℚ -_ _+_
+-inverseˡ = +-Monomorphism.inverseˡ ℚᵘ.+-isMagma ℚᵘ.+-inverseˡ

+-inverseʳ : RightInverse 0ℚ -_ _+_
+-inverseʳ = +-Monomorphism.inverseʳ ℚᵘ.+-isMagma ℚᵘ.+-inverseʳ

+-inverse : Inverse 0ℚ -_ _+_
+-inverse = +-Monomorphism.inverse ℚᵘ.+-isMagma ℚᵘ.+-inverse

-‿cong : Congruent₁ (-_)
-‿cong = +-Monomorphism.⁻¹-cong ℚᵘ.+-isMagma ℚᵘ.-‿cong

neg-distrib-+ : ∀ p q → - (p + q) ≡ (- p) + (- q)
neg-distrib-+ = +-Monomorphism.⁻¹-distrib-∙ ℚᵘ.+-0-isAbelianGroup (ℚᵘ.≃-reflexive ∘₂ ℚᵘ.neg-distrib-+)

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Structures

+-isMagma : IsMagma _+_
+-isMagma = +-Monomorphism.isMagma ℚᵘ.+-isMagma

+-isSemigroup : IsSemigroup _+_
+-isSemigroup = +-Monomorphism.isSemigroup ℚᵘ.+-isSemigroup

+-0-isMonoid : IsMonoid _+_ 0ℚ
+-0-isMonoid = +-Monomorphism.isMonoid ℚᵘ.+-0-isMonoid

+-0-isCommutativeMonoid : IsCommutativeMonoid _+_ 0ℚ
+-0-isCommutativeMonoid = +-Monomorphism.isCommutativeMonoid ℚᵘ.+-0-isCommutativeMonoid

+-0-isGroup : IsGroup _+_ 0ℚ (-_)
+-0-isGroup = +-Monomorphism.isGroup ℚᵘ.+-0-isGroup

+-0-isAbelianGroup : IsAbelianGroup _+_ 0ℚ (-_)
+-0-isAbelianGroup = +-Monomorphism.isAbelianGroup ℚᵘ.+-0-isAbelianGroup

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Packages

+-magma : Magma 0ℓ 0ℓ
+-magma = record
{ isMagma = +-isMagma
}

+-semigroup : Semigroup 0ℓ 0ℓ
+-semigroup = record
{ isSemigroup = +-isSemigroup
}

+-0-monoid : Monoid 0ℓ 0ℓ
+-0-monoid = record
{ isMonoid = +-0-isMonoid
}

+-0-commutativeMonoid : CommutativeMonoid 0ℓ 0ℓ
+-0-commutativeMonoid = record
{ isCommutativeMonoid = +-0-isCommutativeMonoid
}

+-0-group : Group 0ℓ 0ℓ
+-0-group = record
{ isGroup = +-0-isGroup
}

+-0-abelianGroup : AbelianGroup 0ℓ 0ℓ
+-0-abelianGroup = record
{ isAbelianGroup = +-0-isAbelianGroup
}

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Properties of _+_ and _≤_

+-mono-≤ : _+_ Preserves₂ _≤_ ⟶ _≤_ ⟶ _≤_
+-mono-≤ {p} {q} {r} {s} p≤q r≤s = toℚᵘ-cancel-≤ (begin
toℚᵘ(p + r)          ≃⟨ toℚᵘ-homo-+ p r ⟩
toℚᵘ(p) ℚᵘ.+ toℚᵘ(r) ≤⟨ ℚᵘ.+-mono-≤ (toℚᵘ-mono-≤ p≤q) (toℚᵘ-mono-≤ r≤s) ⟩
toℚᵘ(q) ℚᵘ.+ toℚᵘ(s) ≃⟨ ℚᵘ.≃-sym (toℚᵘ-homo-+ q s) ⟩
toℚᵘ(q + s)          ∎)
where open ℚᵘ.≤-Reasoning

+-monoˡ-≤ : ∀ r → (_+ r) Preserves _≤_ ⟶ _≤_
+-monoˡ-≤ r p≤q = +-mono-≤ p≤q (≤-refl {r})

+-monoʳ-≤ : ∀ r → (_+_ r) Preserves _≤_ ⟶ _≤_
+-monoʳ-≤ r p≤q = +-mono-≤ (≤-refl {r}) p≤q

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Properties of _+_ and _<_

+-mono-<-≤ : _+_ Preserves₂ _<_ ⟶ _≤_ ⟶ _<_
+-mono-<-≤ {p} {q} {r} {s} p<q r≤s = toℚᵘ-cancel-< (begin-strict
toℚᵘ(p + r)          ≃⟨ toℚᵘ-homo-+ p r ⟩
toℚᵘ(p) ℚᵘ.+ toℚᵘ(r) <⟨ ℚᵘ.+-mono-<-≤ (toℚᵘ-mono-< p<q) (toℚᵘ-mono-≤ r≤s) ⟩
toℚᵘ(q) ℚᵘ.+ toℚᵘ(s) ≃⟨ ℚᵘ.≃-sym (toℚᵘ-homo-+ q s) ⟩
toℚᵘ(q + s)          ∎)
where open ℚᵘ.≤-Reasoning

+-mono-≤-< : _+_ Preserves₂ _≤_ ⟶ _<_ ⟶ _<_
+-mono-≤-< {p} {q} {r} {s} p≤q r<s rewrite +-comm p r | +-comm q s = +-mono-<-≤ r<s p≤q

+-mono-< : _+_ Preserves₂ _<_ ⟶ _<_ ⟶ _<_
+-mono-< {p} {q} {r} {s} p<q r<s = <-trans (+-mono-<-≤ p<q (≤-refl {r})) (+-mono-≤-< (≤-refl {q}) r<s)

+-monoˡ-< : ∀ r → (_+ r) Preserves _<_ ⟶ _<_
+-monoˡ-< r p<q = +-mono-<-≤ p<q (≤-refl {r})

+-monoʳ-< : ∀ r → (_+_ r) Preserves _<_ ⟶ _<_
+-monoʳ-< r p<q = +-mono-≤-< (≤-refl {r}) p<q

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Properties of _*_
------------------------------------------------------------------------

private
*-nf : ℚ → ℚ → ℤ
*-nf p q = gcd (↥ p ℤ.* ↥ q) (↧ p ℤ.* ↧ q)

↥-* : ∀ p q → ↥ (p * q) ℤ.* *-nf p q ≡ ↥ p ℤ.* ↥ q
↥-* p@record{} q@record{} = ↥-/ (↥ p ℤ.* ↥ q) (↧ₙ p ℕ.* ↧ₙ q)

↧-* : ∀ p q → ↧ (p * q) ℤ.* *-nf p q ≡ ↧ p ℤ.* ↧ q
↧-* p@record{} q@record{} = ↧-/ (↥ p ℤ.* ↥ q) (↧ₙ p ℕ.* ↧ₙ q)

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Monomorphic to unnormalised _*_

toℚᵘ-homo-* : Homomorphic₂ toℚᵘ _*_ ℚᵘ._*_
toℚᵘ-homo-* p@record{} q@record{} with *-nf p q ℤ.≟ 0ℤ
... | yes nf[p,q]≡0 = *≡* \$ begin
↥ᵘ (toℚᵘ (p * q)) ℤ.* (↧ p ℤ.* ↧ q)     ≡⟨ cong (ℤ._* (↧ p ℤ.* ↧ q)) (↥ᵘ-toℚᵘ (p * q)) ⟩
↥ (p * q)         ℤ.* (↧ p ℤ.* ↧ q)     ≡⟨ cong (ℤ._* (↧ p ℤ.* ↧ q)) eq ⟩
0ℤ                ℤ.* (↧ p ℤ.* ↧ q)     ≡⟨⟩
0ℤ                ℤ.* ↧ (p * q)         ≡⟨ cong (ℤ._* ↧ (p * q)) (sym eq2) ⟩
(↥ p ℤ.* ↥ q)     ℤ.* ↧ (p * q)         ≡⟨ cong ((↥ p ℤ.* ↥ q) ℤ.*_) (sym (↧ᵘ-toℚᵘ (p * q))) ⟩
(↥ p ℤ.* ↥ q)     ℤ.* ↧ᵘ (toℚᵘ (p * q)) ∎
where
open ≡-Reasoning
eq2 : ↥ p ℤ.* ↥ q ≡ 0ℤ
eq2 = gcd[i,j]≡0⇒i≡0 (↥ p ℤ.* ↥ q) (↧ p ℤ.* ↧ q) nf[p,q]≡0

eq : ↥ (p * q) ≡ 0ℤ
eq rewrite eq2 = cong ↥_ (0/n≡0 (↧ₙ p ℕ.* ↧ₙ q))
... | no nf[p,q]≢0 = *≡* \$ ℤ.*-cancelʳ-≡ _ _ (*-nf p q) {{ℤ.≢-nonZero nf[p,q]≢0}} \$ begin
↥ᵘ (toℚᵘ (p * q)) ℤ.* (↧ p ℤ.* ↧ q) ℤ.* *-nf p q     ≡⟨ cong (λ v → v ℤ.* (↧ p ℤ.* ↧ q) ℤ.* *-nf p q) (↥ᵘ-toℚᵘ (p * q)) ⟩
↥ (p * q)         ℤ.* (↧ p ℤ.* ↧ q) ℤ.* *-nf p q     ≡⟨ xy∙z≈xz∙y (↥ (p * q)) _ _ ⟩
↥ (p * q)         ℤ.* *-nf p q ℤ.* (↧ p ℤ.* ↧ q)     ≡⟨ cong (ℤ._* (↧ p ℤ.* ↧ q)) (↥-* p q) ⟩
(↥ p ℤ.* ↥ q)     ℤ.* (↧ p ℤ.* ↧ q)                  ≡⟨ cong ((↥ p ℤ.* ↥ q) ℤ.*_) (sym (↧-* p q)) ⟩
(↥ p ℤ.* ↥ q)     ℤ.* (↧ (p * q) ℤ.* *-nf p q)       ≡⟨ x∙yz≈xy∙z (↥ p ℤ.* ↥ q) _ _ ⟩
(↥ p ℤ.* ↥ q)     ℤ.* ↧ (p * q)  ℤ.* *-nf p q        ≡˘⟨ cong (λ v → (↥ p ℤ.* ↥ q) ℤ.* v ℤ.* *-nf p q) (↧ᵘ-toℚᵘ (p * q)) ⟩
(↥ p ℤ.* ↥ q)     ℤ.* ↧ᵘ (toℚᵘ (p * q)) ℤ.* *-nf p q ∎
where open ≡-Reasoning; open CommSemigroupProperties ℤ.*-commutativeSemigroup

toℚᵘ-homo-1/ : ∀ p .{{_ : NonZero p}} → toℚᵘ (1/ p) ℚᵘ.≃ (ℚᵘ.1/ toℚᵘ p)
toℚᵘ-homo-1/ (mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _) = ℚᵘ.≃-refl
toℚᵘ-homo-1/ (mkℚ -[1+ _ ] _ _) = ℚᵘ.≃-refl

toℚᵘ-isMagmaHomomorphism-* : IsMagmaHomomorphism *-rawMagma ℚᵘ.*-rawMagma toℚᵘ
toℚᵘ-isMagmaHomomorphism-* = record
{ isRelHomomorphism = toℚᵘ-isRelHomomorphism
; homo              = toℚᵘ-homo-*
}

toℚᵘ-isMonoidHomomorphism-* : IsMonoidHomomorphism *-1-rawMonoid ℚᵘ.*-1-rawMonoid toℚᵘ
toℚᵘ-isMonoidHomomorphism-* = record
{ isMagmaHomomorphism = toℚᵘ-isMagmaHomomorphism-*
; ε-homo              = ℚᵘ.≃-refl
}

toℚᵘ-isMonoidMonomorphism-* : IsMonoidMonomorphism *-1-rawMonoid ℚᵘ.*-1-rawMonoid toℚᵘ
toℚᵘ-isMonoidMonomorphism-* = record
{ isMonoidHomomorphism = toℚᵘ-isMonoidHomomorphism-*
; injective            = toℚᵘ-injective
}

toℚᵘ-isNearSemiringHomomorphism-+-* : IsNearSemiringHomomorphism +-*-rawNearSemiring ℚᵘ.+-*-rawNearSemiring toℚᵘ
toℚᵘ-isNearSemiringHomomorphism-+-* = record
{ +-isMonoidHomomorphism = toℚᵘ-isMonoidHomomorphism-+
; *-homo                 = toℚᵘ-homo-*
}

toℚᵘ-isNearSemiringMonomorphism-+-* : IsNearSemiringMonomorphism +-*-rawNearSemiring ℚᵘ.+-*-rawNearSemiring toℚᵘ
toℚᵘ-isNearSemiringMonomorphism-+-* = record
{ isNearSemiringHomomorphism = toℚᵘ-isNearSemiringHomomorphism-+-*
; injective                  = toℚᵘ-injective
}

toℚᵘ-isSemiringHomomorphism-+-* : IsSemiringHomomorphism +-*-rawSemiring ℚᵘ.+-*-rawSemiring toℚᵘ
toℚᵘ-isSemiringHomomorphism-+-* = record
{ isNearSemiringHomomorphism = toℚᵘ-isNearSemiringHomomorphism-+-*
; 1#-homo                    = ℚᵘ.≃-refl
}

toℚᵘ-isSemiringMonomorphism-+-* : IsSemiringMonomorphism +-*-rawSemiring ℚᵘ.+-*-rawSemiring toℚᵘ
toℚᵘ-isSemiringMonomorphism-+-* = record
{ isSemiringHomomorphism = toℚᵘ-isSemiringHomomorphism-+-*
; injective              = toℚᵘ-injective
}

toℚᵘ-isRingHomomorphism-+-* : IsRingHomomorphism +-*-rawRing ℚᵘ.+-*-rawRing toℚᵘ
toℚᵘ-isRingHomomorphism-+-* = record
{ isSemiringHomomorphism = toℚᵘ-isSemiringHomomorphism-+-*
; -‿homo                 = toℚᵘ-homo‿-
}

toℚᵘ-isRingMonomorphism-+-* : IsRingMonomorphism +-*-rawRing ℚᵘ.+-*-rawRing toℚᵘ
toℚᵘ-isRingMonomorphism-+-* = record
{ isRingHomomorphism = toℚᵘ-isRingHomomorphism-+-*
; injective          = toℚᵘ-injective
}

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Algebraic properties

private
module +-*-Monomorphism = RingMonomorphisms toℚᵘ-isRingMonomorphism-+-*

*-assoc : Associative _*_
*-assoc = +-*-Monomorphism.*-assoc ℚᵘ.*-isMagma ℚᵘ.*-assoc

*-comm : Commutative _*_
*-comm = +-*-Monomorphism.*-comm ℚᵘ.*-isMagma ℚᵘ.*-comm

*-identityˡ : LeftIdentity 1ℚ _*_
*-identityˡ = +-*-Monomorphism.*-identityˡ ℚᵘ.*-isMagma ℚᵘ.*-identityˡ

*-identityʳ : RightIdentity 1ℚ _*_
*-identityʳ = +-*-Monomorphism.*-identityʳ ℚᵘ.*-isMagma ℚᵘ.*-identityʳ

*-identity : Identity 1ℚ _*_
*-identity = *-identityˡ , *-identityʳ

*-zeroˡ : LeftZero 0ℚ _*_
*-zeroˡ = +-*-Monomorphism.zeroˡ ℚᵘ.+-0-isGroup ℚᵘ.*-isMagma ℚᵘ.*-zeroˡ

*-zeroʳ : RightZero 0ℚ _*_
*-zeroʳ = +-*-Monomorphism.zeroʳ ℚᵘ.+-0-isGroup ℚᵘ.*-isMagma ℚᵘ.*-zeroʳ

*-zero : Zero 0ℚ _*_
*-zero = *-zeroˡ , *-zeroʳ

*-distribˡ-+ : _*_ DistributesOverˡ _+_
*-distribˡ-+ = +-*-Monomorphism.distribˡ ℚᵘ.+-0-isGroup ℚᵘ.*-isMagma ℚᵘ.*-distribˡ-+

*-distribʳ-+ : _*_ DistributesOverʳ _+_
*-distribʳ-+ = +-*-Monomorphism.distribʳ ℚᵘ.+-0-isGroup ℚᵘ.*-isMagma ℚᵘ.*-distribʳ-+

*-distrib-+ : _*_ DistributesOver _+_
*-distrib-+ = *-distribˡ-+ , *-distribʳ-+

*-inverseˡ : ∀ p .{{_ : NonZero p}} → (1/ p) * p ≡ 1ℚ
*-inverseˡ p = toℚᵘ-injective (begin-equality
toℚᵘ (1/ p * p)             ≃⟨ toℚᵘ-homo-* (1/ p) p ⟩
toℚᵘ (1/ p) ℚᵘ.* toℚᵘ p     ≃⟨ ℚᵘ.*-congʳ (toℚᵘ-homo-1/ p) ⟩
ℚᵘ.1/ (toℚᵘ p) ℚᵘ.* toℚᵘ p  ≃⟨ ℚᵘ.*-inverseˡ (toℚᵘ p) ⟩
ℚᵘ.1ℚᵘ                      ∎)
where open ℚᵘ.≤-Reasoning

*-inverseʳ : ∀ p .{{_ : NonZero p}} → p * (1/ p) ≡ 1ℚ
*-inverseʳ p = trans (*-comm p (1/ p)) (*-inverseˡ p)

neg-distribˡ-* : ∀ p q → - (p * q) ≡ - p * q
neg-distribˡ-* = +-*-Monomorphism.neg-distribˡ-* ℚᵘ.+-0-isGroup ℚᵘ.*-isMagma ℚᵘ.neg-distribˡ-*

neg-distribʳ-* : ∀ p q → - (p * q) ≡ p * - q
neg-distribʳ-* = +-*-Monomorphism.neg-distribʳ-* ℚᵘ.+-0-isGroup ℚᵘ.*-isMagma ℚᵘ.neg-distribʳ-*

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Structures

*-isMagma : IsMagma _*_
*-isMagma = +-*-Monomorphism.*-isMagma ℚᵘ.*-isMagma

*-isSemigroup : IsSemigroup _*_
*-isSemigroup = +-*-Monomorphism.*-isSemigroup ℚᵘ.*-isSemigroup

*-1-isMonoid : IsMonoid _*_ 1ℚ
*-1-isMonoid = +-*-Monomorphism.*-isMonoid ℚᵘ.*-1-isMonoid

*-1-isCommutativeMonoid : IsCommutativeMonoid _*_ 1ℚ
*-1-isCommutativeMonoid = +-*-Monomorphism.*-isCommutativeMonoid ℚᵘ.*-1-isCommutativeMonoid

+-*-isRing : IsRing _+_ _*_ -_ 0ℚ 1ℚ
+-*-isRing = +-*-Monomorphism.isRing ℚᵘ.+-*-isRing

+-*-isCommutativeRing : IsCommutativeRing _+_ _*_ -_ 0ℚ 1ℚ
+-*-isCommutativeRing = +-*-Monomorphism.isCommutativeRing ℚᵘ.+-*-isCommutativeRing

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Packages

*-magma : Magma 0ℓ 0ℓ
*-magma = record
{ isMagma = *-isMagma
}

*-semigroup : Semigroup 0ℓ 0ℓ
*-semigroup = record
{ isSemigroup = *-isSemigroup
}

*-1-monoid : Monoid 0ℓ 0ℓ
*-1-monoid = record
{ isMonoid = *-1-isMonoid
}

*-1-commutativeMonoid : CommutativeMonoid 0ℓ 0ℓ
*-1-commutativeMonoid = record
{ isCommutativeMonoid = *-1-isCommutativeMonoid
}

+-*-ring : Ring 0ℓ 0ℓ
+-*-ring = record
{ isRing = +-*-isRing
}

+-*-commutativeRing : CommutativeRing 0ℓ 0ℓ
+-*-commutativeRing = record
{ isCommutativeRing = +-*-isCommutativeRing
}

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Properties of _*_ and _≤_

*-cancelʳ-≤-pos : ∀ r .{{_ : Positive r}} → p * r ≤ q * r → p ≤ q
*-cancelʳ-≤-pos {p} {q} r pr≤qr = toℚᵘ-cancel-≤ (ℚᵘ.*-cancelʳ-≤-pos (toℚᵘ r) (begin
toℚᵘ p ℚᵘ.* toℚᵘ r  ≃˘⟨ toℚᵘ-homo-* p r ⟩
toℚᵘ (p * r)        ≤⟨  toℚᵘ-mono-≤ pr≤qr ⟩
toℚᵘ (q * r)        ≃⟨  toℚᵘ-homo-* q r ⟩
toℚᵘ q ℚᵘ.* toℚᵘ r  ∎))
where open ℚᵘ.≤-Reasoning

*-cancelˡ-≤-pos : ∀ r .{{_ : Positive r}} → r * p ≤ r * q → p ≤ q
*-cancelˡ-≤-pos {p} {q} r rewrite *-comm r p | *-comm r q = *-cancelʳ-≤-pos r

*-monoʳ-≤-nonNeg : ∀ r .{{_ : NonNegative r}} → (_* r) Preserves _≤_ ⟶ _≤_
*-monoʳ-≤-nonNeg r {p} {q} p≤q = toℚᵘ-cancel-≤ (begin
toℚᵘ (p * r)        ≃⟨  toℚᵘ-homo-* p r ⟩
toℚᵘ p ℚᵘ.* toℚᵘ r  ≤⟨  ℚᵘ.*-monoˡ-≤-nonNeg (toℚᵘ r) (toℚᵘ-mono-≤ p≤q) ⟩
toℚᵘ q ℚᵘ.* toℚᵘ r  ≃˘⟨ toℚᵘ-homo-* q r ⟩
toℚᵘ (q * r)        ∎)
where open ℚᵘ.≤-Reasoning

*-monoˡ-≤-nonNeg : ∀ r .{{_ : NonNegative r}} → (r *_) Preserves _≤_ ⟶ _≤_
*-monoˡ-≤-nonNeg r {p} {q} rewrite *-comm r p | *-comm r q = *-monoʳ-≤-nonNeg r

*-monoʳ-≤-nonPos : ∀ r .{{_ : NonPositive r}} → (_* r) Preserves _≤_ ⟶ _≥_
*-monoʳ-≤-nonPos r {p} {q} p≤q = toℚᵘ-cancel-≤ (begin
toℚᵘ (q * r)        ≃⟨ toℚᵘ-homo-* q r ⟩
toℚᵘ q ℚᵘ.* toℚᵘ r  ≤⟨ ℚᵘ.*-monoˡ-≤-nonPos (toℚᵘ r) (toℚᵘ-mono-≤ p≤q) ⟩
toℚᵘ p ℚᵘ.* toℚᵘ r  ≃˘⟨ toℚᵘ-homo-* p r ⟩
toℚᵘ (p * r)        ∎)
where open ℚᵘ.≤-Reasoning

*-monoˡ-≤-nonPos : ∀ r .{{_ : NonPositive r}} → (r *_) Preserves _≤_ ⟶ _≥_
*-monoˡ-≤-nonPos r {p} {q} rewrite *-comm r p | *-comm r q = *-monoʳ-≤-nonPos r

*-cancelʳ-≤-neg : ∀ r .{{_ : Negative r}} → p * r ≤ q * r → p ≥ q
*-cancelʳ-≤-neg {p} {q} r pr≤qr = toℚᵘ-cancel-≤ (ℚᵘ.*-cancelʳ-≤-neg _ (begin
toℚᵘ p ℚᵘ.* toℚᵘ r  ≃˘⟨ toℚᵘ-homo-* p r ⟩
toℚᵘ (p * r)        ≤⟨  toℚᵘ-mono-≤ pr≤qr ⟩
toℚᵘ (q * r)        ≃⟨  toℚᵘ-homo-* q r ⟩
toℚᵘ q ℚᵘ.* toℚᵘ r  ∎))
where open ℚᵘ.≤-Reasoning

*-cancelˡ-≤-neg : ∀ r .{{_ : Negative r}} → r * p ≤ r * q → p ≥ q
*-cancelˡ-≤-neg {p} {q} r rewrite *-comm r p | *-comm r q = *-cancelʳ-≤-neg r

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Properties of _*_ and _<_

*-monoˡ-<-pos : ∀ r .{{_ : Positive r}} → (_* r) Preserves _<_ ⟶ _<_
*-monoˡ-<-pos r {p} {q} p<q = toℚᵘ-cancel-< (begin-strict
toℚᵘ (p * r)        ≃⟨ toℚᵘ-homo-* p r ⟩
toℚᵘ p ℚᵘ.* toℚᵘ r  <⟨ ℚᵘ.*-monoˡ-<-pos (toℚᵘ r) (toℚᵘ-mono-< p<q) ⟩
toℚᵘ q ℚᵘ.* toℚᵘ r  ≃˘⟨ toℚᵘ-homo-* q r ⟩
toℚᵘ (q * r)        ∎)
where open ℚᵘ.≤-Reasoning

*-monoʳ-<-pos : ∀ r .{{_ : Positive r}} → (r *_) Preserves _<_ ⟶ _<_
*-monoʳ-<-pos r {p} {q} rewrite *-comm r p | *-comm r q = *-monoˡ-<-pos r

*-cancelˡ-<-nonNeg : ∀ r .{{_ : NonNegative r}} → ∀ {p q} → r * p < r * q → p < q
*-cancelˡ-<-nonNeg r {p} {q} rp<rq = toℚᵘ-cancel-< (ℚᵘ.*-cancelˡ-<-nonNeg (toℚᵘ r) (begin-strict
toℚᵘ r ℚᵘ.* toℚᵘ p  ≃˘⟨ toℚᵘ-homo-* r p ⟩
toℚᵘ (r * p)        <⟨ toℚᵘ-mono-< rp<rq ⟩
toℚᵘ (r * q)        ≃⟨ toℚᵘ-homo-* r q ⟩
toℚᵘ r ℚᵘ.* toℚᵘ q  ∎))
where open ℚᵘ.≤-Reasoning

*-cancelʳ-<-nonNeg : ∀ r .{{_ : NonNegative r}} → ∀ {p q} → p * r < q * r → p < q
*-cancelʳ-<-nonNeg r {p} {q} rewrite *-comm p r | *-comm q r = *-cancelˡ-<-nonNeg r

*-monoˡ-<-neg : ∀ r .{{_ : Negative r}} → (_* r) Preserves _<_ ⟶ _>_
*-monoˡ-<-neg r {p} {q} p<q = toℚᵘ-cancel-< (begin-strict
toℚᵘ (q * r)        ≃⟨ toℚᵘ-homo-* q r ⟩
toℚᵘ q ℚᵘ.* toℚᵘ r  <⟨ ℚᵘ.*-monoˡ-<-neg (toℚᵘ r) (toℚᵘ-mono-< p<q) ⟩
toℚᵘ p ℚᵘ.* toℚᵘ r  ≃˘⟨ toℚᵘ-homo-* p r ⟩
toℚᵘ (p * r)        ∎)
where open ℚᵘ.≤-Reasoning

*-monoʳ-<-neg : ∀ r .{{_ : Negative r}} → (r *_) Preserves _<_ ⟶ _>_
*-monoʳ-<-neg r {p} {q} rewrite *-comm r p | *-comm r q = *-monoˡ-<-neg r

*-cancelˡ-<-nonPos : ∀ r .{{_ : NonPositive r}} → r * p < r * q → p > q
*-cancelˡ-<-nonPos {p} {q} r rp<rq = toℚᵘ-cancel-< (ℚᵘ.*-cancelˡ-<-nonPos (toℚᵘ r) (begin-strict
toℚᵘ r ℚᵘ.* toℚᵘ p  ≃˘⟨ toℚᵘ-homo-* r p ⟩
toℚᵘ (r * p)        <⟨  toℚᵘ-mono-< rp<rq ⟩
toℚᵘ (r * q)        ≃⟨  toℚᵘ-homo-* r q ⟩
toℚᵘ r ℚᵘ.* toℚᵘ q  ∎))
where open ℚᵘ.≤-Reasoning

*-cancelʳ-<-nonPos : ∀ r .{{_ : NonPositive r}} → p * r < q * r → p > q
*-cancelʳ-<-nonPos {p} {q} r rewrite *-comm p r | *-comm q r = *-cancelˡ-<-nonPos r

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Properties of _⊓_
------------------------------------------------------------------------

p≤q⇒p⊔q≡q : p ≤ q → p ⊔ q ≡ q
p≤q⇒p⊔q≡q {p@record{}} {q@record{}} p≤q with p ≤ᵇ q | inspect (p ≤ᵇ_) q
... | true  | _       = refl
... | false | [ p≰q ] = contradiction (≤⇒≤ᵇ p≤q) (subst (¬_ ∘ T) (sym p≰q) λ())

p≥q⇒p⊔q≡p : p ≥ q → p ⊔ q ≡ p
p≥q⇒p⊔q≡p {p@record{}} {q@record{}} p≥q with p ≤ᵇ q | inspect (p ≤ᵇ_) q
... | true  | [ p≤q ] = ≤-antisym p≥q (≤ᵇ⇒≤ (subst T (sym p≤q) _))
... | false | [ p≤q ] = refl

p≤q⇒p⊓q≡p : p ≤ q → p ⊓ q ≡ p
p≤q⇒p⊓q≡p {p@record{}} {q@record{}} p≤q with p ≤ᵇ q | inspect (p ≤ᵇ_) q
... | true  | _       = refl
... | false | [ p≰q ] = contradiction (≤⇒≤ᵇ p≤q) (subst (¬_ ∘ T) (sym p≰q) λ())

p≥q⇒p⊓q≡q : p ≥ q → p ⊓ q ≡ q
p≥q⇒p⊓q≡q {p@record{}} {q@record{}} p≥q with p ≤ᵇ q | inspect (p ≤ᵇ_) q
... | true  | [ p≤q ] = ≤-antisym (≤ᵇ⇒≤ (subst T (sym p≤q) _)) p≥q
... | false | [ p≤q ] = refl

⊓-operator : MinOperator ≤-totalPreorder
⊓-operator = record
{ x≤y⇒x⊓y≈x = p≤q⇒p⊓q≡p
; x≥y⇒x⊓y≈y = p≥q⇒p⊓q≡q
}

⊔-operator : MaxOperator ≤-totalPreorder
⊔-operator = record
{ x≤y⇒x⊔y≈y = p≤q⇒p⊔q≡q
; x≥y⇒x⊔y≈x = p≥q⇒p⊔q≡p
}

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Automatically derived properties of _⊓_ and _⊔_

private
module ⊓-⊔-properties        = MinMaxOp        ⊓-operator ⊔-operator
module ⊓-⊔-latticeProperties = LatticeMinMaxOp ⊓-operator ⊔-operator

open ⊓-⊔-properties public
using
( ⊓-idem                    -- : Idempotent _⊓_
; ⊓-sel                     -- : Selective _⊓_
; ⊓-assoc                   -- : Associative _⊓_
; ⊓-comm                    -- : Commutative _⊓_

; ⊔-idem                    -- : Idempotent _⊔_
; ⊔-sel                     -- : Selective _⊔_
; ⊔-assoc                   -- : Associative _⊔_
; ⊔-comm                    -- : Commutative _⊔_

; ⊓-distribˡ-⊔              -- : _⊓_ DistributesOverˡ _⊔_
; ⊓-distribʳ-⊔              -- : _⊓_ DistributesOverʳ _⊔_
; ⊓-distrib-⊔               -- : _⊓_ DistributesOver  _⊔_
; ⊔-distribˡ-⊓              -- : _⊔_ DistributesOverˡ _⊓_
; ⊔-distribʳ-⊓              -- : _⊔_ DistributesOverʳ _⊓_
; ⊔-distrib-⊓               -- : _⊔_ DistributesOver  _⊓_
; ⊓-absorbs-⊔               -- : _⊓_ Absorbs _⊔_
; ⊔-absorbs-⊓               -- : _⊔_ Absorbs _⊓_
; ⊔-⊓-absorptive            -- : Absorptive _⊔_ _⊓_
; ⊓-⊔-absorptive            -- : Absorptive _⊓_ _⊔_

; ⊓-isMagma                 -- : IsMagma _⊓_
; ⊓-isSemigroup             -- : IsSemigroup _⊓_
; ⊓-isCommutativeSemigroup  -- : IsCommutativeSemigroup _⊓_
; ⊓-isBand                  -- : IsBand _⊓_
; ⊓-isSelectiveMagma        -- : IsSelectiveMagma _⊓_

; ⊔-isMagma                 -- : IsMagma _⊔_
; ⊔-isSemigroup             -- : IsSemigroup _⊔_
; ⊔-isCommutativeSemigroup  -- : IsCommutativeSemigroup _⊔_
; ⊔-isBand                  -- : IsBand _⊔_
; ⊔-isSelectiveMagma        -- : IsSelectiveMagma _⊔_

; ⊓-magma                   -- : Magma _ _
; ⊓-semigroup               -- : Semigroup _ _
; ⊓-band                    -- : Band _ _
; ⊓-commutativeSemigroup    -- : CommutativeSemigroup _ _
; ⊓-selectiveMagma          -- : SelectiveMagma _ _

; ⊔-magma                   -- : Magma _ _
; ⊔-semigroup               -- : Semigroup _ _
; ⊔-band                    -- : Band _ _
; ⊔-commutativeSemigroup    -- : CommutativeSemigroup _ _
; ⊔-selectiveMagma          -- : SelectiveMagma _ _

; ⊓-glb                     -- : ∀ {p q r} → p ≥ r → q ≥ r → p ⊓ q ≥ r
; ⊓-triangulate             -- : ∀ p q r → p ⊓ q ⊓ r ≡ (p ⊓ q) ⊓ (q ⊓ r)
; ⊓-mono-≤                  -- : _⊓_ Preserves₂ _≤_ ⟶ _≤_ ⟶ _≤_
; ⊓-monoˡ-≤                 -- : ∀ p → (_⊓ p) Preserves _≤_ ⟶ _≤_
; ⊓-monoʳ-≤                 -- : ∀ p → (p ⊓_) Preserves _≤_ ⟶ _≤_

; ⊔-lub                     -- : ∀ {p q r} → p ≤ r → q ≤ r → p ⊔ q ≤ r
; ⊔-triangulate             -- : ∀ p q r → p ⊔ q ⊔ r ≡ (p ⊔ q) ⊔ (q ⊔ r)
; ⊔-mono-≤                  -- : _⊔_ Preserves₂ _≤_ ⟶ _≤_ ⟶ _≤_
; ⊔-monoˡ-≤                 -- : ∀ p → (_⊔ p) Preserves _≤_ ⟶ _≤_
; ⊔-monoʳ-≤                 -- : ∀ p → (p ⊔_) Preserves _≤_ ⟶ _≤_
)
renaming
( x⊓y≈y⇒y≤x to p⊓q≡q⇒q≤p    -- : ∀ {p q} → p ⊓ q ≡ q → q ≤ p
; x⊓y≈x⇒x≤y to p⊓q≡p⇒p≤q    -- : ∀ {p q} → p ⊓ q ≡ p → p ≤ q
; x⊓y≤x     to p⊓q≤p        -- : ∀ p q → p ⊓ q ≤ p
; x⊓y≤y     to p⊓q≤q        -- : ∀ p q → p ⊓ q ≤ q
; x≤y⇒x⊓z≤y to p≤q⇒p⊓r≤q    -- : ∀ {p q} r → p ≤ q → p ⊓ r ≤ q
; x≤y⇒z⊓x≤y to p≤q⇒r⊓p≤q    -- : ∀ {p q} r → p ≤ q → r ⊓ p ≤ q
; x≤y⊓z⇒x≤y to p≤q⊓r⇒p≤q    -- : ∀ {p} q r → p ≤ q ⊓ r → p ≤ q
; x≤y⊓z⇒x≤z to p≤q⊓r⇒p≤r    -- : ∀ {p} q r → p ≤ q ⊓ r → p ≤ r

; x⊔y≈y⇒x≤y to p⊔q≡q⇒p≤q    -- : ∀ {p q} → p ⊔ q ≡ q → p ≤ q
; x⊔y≈x⇒y≤x to p⊔q≡p⇒q≤p    -- : ∀ {p q} → p ⊔ q ≡ p → q ≤ p
; x≤x⊔y     to p≤p⊔q        -- : ∀ p q → p ≤ p ⊔ q
; x≤y⊔x     to p≤q⊔p        -- : ∀ p q → p ≤ q ⊔ p
; x≤y⇒x≤y⊔z to p≤q⇒p≤q⊔r    -- : ∀ {p q} r → p ≤ q → p ≤ q ⊔ r
; x≤y⇒x≤z⊔y to p≤q⇒p≤r⊔q    -- : ∀ {p q} r → p ≤ q → p ≤ r ⊔ q
; x⊔y≤z⇒x≤z to p⊔q≤r⇒p≤r    -- : ∀ p q {r} → p ⊔ q ≤ r → p ≤ r
; x⊔y≤z⇒y≤z to p⊔q≤r⇒q≤r    -- : ∀ p q {r} → p ⊔ q ≤ r → q ≤ r

; x⊓y≤x⊔y   to p⊓q≤p⊔q      -- : ∀ p q → p ⊓ q ≤ p ⊔ q
)

open ⊓-⊔-latticeProperties public
using
( ⊓-isSemilattice           -- : IsSemilattice _⊓_
; ⊔-isSemilattice           -- : IsSemilattice _⊔_
; ⊔-⊓-isLattice             -- : IsLattice _⊔_ _⊓_
; ⊓-⊔-isLattice             -- : IsLattice _⊓_ _⊔_
; ⊔-⊓-isDistributiveLattice -- : IsDistributiveLattice _⊔_ _⊓_
; ⊓-⊔-isDistributiveLattice -- : IsDistributiveLattice _⊓_ _⊔_

; ⊓-semilattice             -- : Semilattice _ _
; ⊔-semilattice             -- : Semilattice _ _
; ⊔-⊓-lattice               -- : Lattice _ _
; ⊓-⊔-lattice               -- : Lattice _ _
; ⊔-⊓-distributiveLattice   -- : DistributiveLattice _ _
; ⊓-⊔-distributiveLattice   -- : DistributiveLattice _ _
)

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Other properties of _⊓_ and _⊔_

mono-≤-distrib-⊔ : ∀ {f} → f Preserves _≤_ ⟶ _≤_ →
∀ p q → f (p ⊔ q) ≡ f p ⊔ f q
mono-≤-distrib-⊔ {f} = ⊓-⊔-properties.mono-≤-distrib-⊔ (cong f)

mono-≤-distrib-⊓ : ∀ {f} → f Preserves _≤_ ⟶ _≤_ →
∀ p q → f (p ⊓ q) ≡ f p ⊓ f q
mono-≤-distrib-⊓ {f} = ⊓-⊔-properties.mono-≤-distrib-⊓ (cong f)

mono-<-distrib-⊓ : ∀ {f} → f Preserves _<_ ⟶ _<_ →
∀ p q → f (p ⊓ q) ≡ f p ⊓ f q
mono-<-distrib-⊓ {f} f-mono-< p q with <-cmp p q
... | tri< p<q p≢r  p≯q = begin
f (p ⊓ q)  ≡⟨ cong f (p≤q⇒p⊓q≡p (<⇒≤ p<q)) ⟩
f p        ≡˘⟨ p≤q⇒p⊓q≡p (<⇒≤ (f-mono-< p<q)) ⟩
f p ⊓ f q  ∎
where open ≡-Reasoning
... | tri≈ p≮q refl p≯q = begin
f (p ⊓ q)  ≡⟨ cong f (⊓-idem p) ⟩
f p        ≡˘⟨ ⊓-idem (f p) ⟩
f p ⊓ f q  ∎
where open ≡-Reasoning
... | tri> p≮q p≡r  p>q = begin
f (p ⊓ q)  ≡⟨ cong f (p≥q⇒p⊓q≡q (<⇒≤ p>q)) ⟩
f q        ≡˘⟨ p≥q⇒p⊓q≡q (<⇒≤ (f-mono-< p>q)) ⟩
f p ⊓ f q  ∎
where open ≡-Reasoning

mono-<-distrib-⊔ : ∀ {f} → f Preserves _<_ ⟶ _<_ →
∀ p q → f (p ⊔ q) ≡ f p ⊔ f q
mono-<-distrib-⊔ {f} f-mono-< p q with <-cmp p q
... | tri< p<q p≢r  p≯q = begin
f (p ⊔ q)  ≡⟨ cong f (p≤q⇒p⊔q≡q (<⇒≤ p<q)) ⟩
f q        ≡˘⟨ p≤q⇒p⊔q≡q (<⇒≤ (f-mono-< p<q)) ⟩
f p ⊔ f q  ∎
where open ≡-Reasoning
... | tri≈ p≮q refl p≯q = begin
f (p ⊔ q)  ≡⟨ cong f (⊔-idem p) ⟩
f q        ≡˘⟨ ⊔-idem (f p) ⟩
f p ⊔ f q  ∎
where open ≡-Reasoning
... | tri> p≮q p≡r  p>q = begin
f (p ⊔ q)  ≡⟨ cong f (p≥q⇒p⊔q≡p (<⇒≤ p>q)) ⟩
f p        ≡˘⟨ p≥q⇒p⊔q≡p (<⇒≤ (f-mono-< p>q)) ⟩
f p ⊔ f q  ∎
where open ≡-Reasoning

antimono-≤-distrib-⊓ : ∀ {f} → f Preserves _≤_ ⟶ _≥_ →
∀ p q → f (p ⊓ q) ≡ f p ⊔ f q
antimono-≤-distrib-⊓ {f} = ⊓-⊔-properties.antimono-≤-distrib-⊓ (cong f)

antimono-≤-distrib-⊔ : ∀ {f} → f Preserves _≤_ ⟶ _≥_ →
∀ p q → f (p ⊔ q) ≡ f p ⊓ f q
antimono-≤-distrib-⊔ {f} = ⊓-⊔-properties.antimono-≤-distrib-⊔ (cong f)

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Properties of _⊓_ and _*_

*-distribˡ-⊓-nonNeg : ∀ p .{{_ : NonNegative p}} → ∀ q r → p * (q ⊓ r) ≡ (p * q) ⊓ (p * r)
*-distribˡ-⊓-nonNeg p = mono-≤-distrib-⊓ (*-monoˡ-≤-nonNeg p)

*-distribʳ-⊓-nonNeg : ∀ p .{{_ : NonNegative p}} → ∀ q r → (q ⊓ r) * p ≡ (q * p) ⊓ (r * p)
*-distribʳ-⊓-nonNeg p = mono-≤-distrib-⊓ (*-monoʳ-≤-nonNeg p)

*-distribˡ-⊔-nonNeg : ∀ p .{{_ : NonNegative p}} → ∀ q r → p * (q ⊔ r) ≡ (p * q) ⊔ (p * r)
*-distribˡ-⊔-nonNeg p = mono-≤-distrib-⊔ (*-monoˡ-≤-nonNeg p)

*-distribʳ-⊔-nonNeg : ∀ p .{{_ : NonNegative p}} → ∀ q r → (q ⊔ r) * p ≡ (q * p) ⊔ (r * p)
*-distribʳ-⊔-nonNeg p = mono-≤-distrib-⊔ (*-monoʳ-≤-nonNeg p)

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Properties of _⊓_, _⊔_ and _*_

*-distribˡ-⊔-nonPos : ∀ p .{{_ : NonPositive p}} → ∀ q r → p * (q ⊔ r) ≡ (p * q) ⊓ (p * r)
*-distribˡ-⊔-nonPos p = antimono-≤-distrib-⊔ (*-monoˡ-≤-nonPos p)

*-distribʳ-⊔-nonPos : ∀ p .{{_ : NonPositive p}} → ∀ q r → (q ⊔ r) * p ≡ (q * p) ⊓ (r * p)
*-distribʳ-⊔-nonPos p = antimono-≤-distrib-⊔ (*-monoʳ-≤-nonPos p)

*-distribˡ-⊓-nonPos : ∀ p .{{_ : NonPositive p}} → ∀ q r → p * (q ⊓ r) ≡ (p * q) ⊔ (p * r)
*-distribˡ-⊓-nonPos p = antimono-≤-distrib-⊓ (*-monoˡ-≤-nonPos p)

*-distribʳ-⊓-nonPos : ∀ p .{{_ : NonPositive p}} → ∀ q r → (q ⊓ r) * p ≡ (q * p) ⊔ (r * p)
*-distribʳ-⊓-nonPos p = antimono-≤-distrib-⊓ (*-monoʳ-≤-nonPos p)

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Properties of 1/_
------------------------------------------------------------------------

nonZero⇒1/nonZero : ∀ p .{{_ : NonZero p}} → NonZero (1/ p)
nonZero⇒1/nonZero (mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _) = _
nonZero⇒1/nonZero (mkℚ -[1+ _ ] _ _) = _

1/-involutive : ∀ p .{{_ : NonZero p}} → (1/ (1/ p)) {{nonZero⇒1/nonZero p}} ≡ p
1/-involutive (mkℚ +[1+ n ] d-1 _) = refl
1/-involutive (mkℚ -[1+ n ] d-1 _) = refl

1/pos⇒pos : ∀ p .{{_ : Positive p}} → Positive ((1/ p) {{pos⇒nonZero p}})
1/pos⇒pos (mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _) = _

1/neg⇒neg : ∀ p .{{_ : Negative p}} → Negative ((1/ p) {{neg⇒nonZero p}})
1/neg⇒neg (mkℚ -[1+ _ ] _ _) = _

pos⇒1/pos : ∀ p .{{_ : NonZero p}} .{{_ : Positive (1/ p)}} → Positive p
pos⇒1/pos p = subst Positive (1/-involutive p) (1/pos⇒pos (1/ p))

neg⇒1/neg : ∀ p .{{_ : NonZero p}} .{{_ : Negative (1/ p)}} → Negative p
neg⇒1/neg p = subst Negative (1/-involutive p) (1/neg⇒neg (1/ p))

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Properties of ∣_∣
------------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Monomorphic to unnormalised -_

toℚᵘ-homo-∣-∣ : Homomorphic₁ toℚᵘ ∣_∣ ℚᵘ.∣_∣
toℚᵘ-homo-∣-∣ (mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _) = *≡* refl
toℚᵘ-homo-∣-∣ (mkℚ +0       _ _) = *≡* refl
toℚᵘ-homo-∣-∣ (mkℚ -[1+ _ ] _ _) = *≡* refl

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Properties

∣p∣≡0⇒p≡0 : ∀ p → ∣ p ∣ ≡ 0ℚ → p ≡ 0ℚ
∣p∣≡0⇒p≡0 (mkℚ +0 zero _) ∣p∣≡0 = refl

0≤∣p∣ : ∀ p → 0ℚ ≤ ∣ p ∣
0≤∣p∣ p@record{} = *≤* (begin
(↥ 0ℚ) ℤ.* (↧ ∣ p ∣)  ≡⟨ ℤ.*-zeroˡ (↧ ∣ p ∣) ⟩
0ℤ                    ≤⟨ ℤ.+≤+ ℕ.z≤n ⟩
↥ ∣ p ∣               ≡˘⟨ ℤ.*-identityʳ (↥ ∣ p ∣) ⟩
↥ ∣ p ∣ ℤ.* 1ℤ        ∎)
where open ℤ.≤-Reasoning

0≤p⇒∣p∣≡p : 0ℚ ≤ p → ∣ p ∣ ≡ p
0≤p⇒∣p∣≡p {p@record{}} 0≤p = toℚᵘ-injective (ℚᵘ.0≤p⇒∣p∣≃p (toℚᵘ-mono-≤ 0≤p))

∣-p∣≡∣p∣ : ∀ p → ∣ - p ∣ ≡ ∣ p ∣
∣-p∣≡∣p∣ (mkℚ +[1+ n ] d-1 _) = refl
∣-p∣≡∣p∣ (mkℚ +0       d-1 _) = refl
∣-p∣≡∣p∣ (mkℚ -[1+ n ] d-1 _) = refl

∣p∣≡p⇒0≤p : ∀ {p} → ∣ p ∣ ≡ p → 0ℚ ≤ p
∣p∣≡p⇒0≤p {p} ∣p∣≡p = toℚᵘ-cancel-≤ (ℚᵘ.∣p∣≃p⇒0≤p (begin-equality
ℚᵘ.∣ toℚᵘ p ∣  ≃⟨ ℚᵘ.≃-sym (toℚᵘ-homo-∣-∣ p) ⟩
toℚᵘ ∣ p ∣     ≡⟨ cong toℚᵘ ∣p∣≡p ⟩
toℚᵘ p         ∎))
where open ℚᵘ.≤-Reasoning

∣p∣≡p∨∣p∣≡-p : ∀ p → ∣ p ∣ ≡ p ⊎ ∣ p ∣ ≡ - p
∣p∣≡p∨∣p∣≡-p (mkℚ (+ n) d-1 _) = inj₁ refl
∣p∣≡p∨∣p∣≡-p (mkℚ (-[1+ n ]) d-1 _) = inj₂ refl

∣p+q∣≤∣p∣+∣q∣ : ∀ p q → ∣ p + q ∣ ≤ ∣ p ∣ + ∣ q ∣
∣p+q∣≤∣p∣+∣q∣ p q = toℚᵘ-cancel-≤ (begin
toℚᵘ ∣ p + q ∣                    ≃⟨ toℚᵘ-homo-∣-∣ (p + q) ⟩
ℚᵘ.∣ toℚᵘ (p + q) ∣               ≃⟨ ℚᵘ.∣-∣-cong (toℚᵘ-homo-+ p q) ⟩
ℚᵘ.∣ toℚᵘ p ℚᵘ.+ toℚᵘ q ∣         ≤⟨ ℚᵘ.∣p+q∣≤∣p∣+∣q∣ (toℚᵘ p) (toℚᵘ q) ⟩
ℚᵘ.∣ toℚᵘ p ∣ ℚᵘ.+ ℚᵘ.∣ toℚᵘ q ∣  ≃˘⟨ ℚᵘ.+-cong (toℚᵘ-homo-∣-∣ p) (toℚᵘ-homo-∣-∣ q) ⟩
toℚᵘ ∣ p ∣ ℚᵘ.+ toℚᵘ ∣ q ∣        ≃˘⟨ toℚᵘ-homo-+ ∣ p ∣ ∣ q ∣ ⟩
toℚᵘ (∣ p ∣ + ∣ q ∣)              ∎)
where open ℚᵘ.≤-Reasoning

∣p-q∣≤∣p∣+∣q∣ : ∀ p q → ∣ p - q ∣ ≤ ∣ p ∣ + ∣ q ∣
∣p-q∣≤∣p∣+∣q∣ p@record{} q@record{} = begin
∣ p   -     q ∣  ≤⟨ ∣p+q∣≤∣p∣+∣q∣ p (- q) ⟩
∣ p ∣ + ∣ - q ∣  ≡⟨ cong (λ h → ∣ p ∣ + h) (∣-p∣≡∣p∣ q) ⟩
∣ p ∣ + ∣   q ∣  ∎
where open ≤-Reasoning

∣p*q∣≡∣p∣*∣q∣ : ∀ p q → ∣ p * q ∣ ≡ ∣ p ∣ * ∣ q ∣
∣p*q∣≡∣p∣*∣q∣ p q = toℚᵘ-injective (begin-equality
toℚᵘ ∣ p * q ∣                    ≃⟨ toℚᵘ-homo-∣-∣ (p * q) ⟩
ℚᵘ.∣ toℚᵘ (p * q) ∣               ≃⟨ ℚᵘ.∣-∣-cong (toℚᵘ-homo-* p q) ⟩
ℚᵘ.∣ toℚᵘ p ℚᵘ.* toℚᵘ q ∣         ≃⟨ ℚᵘ.∣p*q∣≃∣p∣*∣q∣ (toℚᵘ p) (toℚᵘ q) ⟩
ℚᵘ.∣ toℚᵘ p ∣ ℚᵘ.* ℚᵘ.∣ toℚᵘ q ∣  ≃˘⟨ ℚᵘ.*-cong (toℚᵘ-homo-∣-∣ p) (toℚᵘ-homo-∣-∣ q) ⟩
toℚᵘ ∣ p ∣ ℚᵘ.* toℚᵘ ∣ q ∣        ≃˘⟨ toℚᵘ-homo-* ∣ p ∣ ∣ q ∣ ⟩
toℚᵘ (∣ p ∣ * ∣ q ∣)              ∎)
where open ℚᵘ.≤-Reasoning

∣-∣-nonNeg : ∀ p → NonNegative ∣ p ∣
∣-∣-nonNeg (mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _) = _
∣-∣-nonNeg (mkℚ +0       _ _) = _
∣-∣-nonNeg (mkℚ -[1+ _ ] _ _) = _

∣∣p∣∣≡∣p∣ : ∀ p → ∣ ∣ p ∣ ∣ ≡ ∣ p ∣
∣∣p∣∣≡∣p∣ p = 0≤p⇒∣p∣≡p (0≤∣p∣ p)

------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- DEPRECATED NAMES
------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Please use the new names as continuing support for the old names is
-- not guaranteed.

-- Version 2.0

*-monoʳ-≤-neg : ∀ r → Negative r → (_* r) Preserves _≤_ ⟶ _≥_
*-monoʳ-≤-neg r@(mkℚ -[1+ _ ] _ _) _ = *-monoʳ-≤-nonPos r
{-# WARNING_ON_USAGE *-monoʳ-≤-neg
"Warning: *-monoʳ-≤-neg was deprecated in v2.0.
#-}
*-monoˡ-≤-neg : ∀ r → Negative r → (r *_) Preserves _≤_ ⟶ _≥_
*-monoˡ-≤-neg r@(mkℚ -[1+ _ ] _ _) _ = *-monoˡ-≤-nonPos r
{-# WARNING_ON_USAGE *-monoˡ-≤-neg
"Warning: *-monoˡ-≤-neg was deprecated in v2.0.
#-}
*-monoʳ-≤-pos : ∀ r → Positive r → (_* r) Preserves _≤_ ⟶ _≤_
*-monoʳ-≤-pos r@(mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _) _ = *-monoʳ-≤-nonNeg r
{-# WARNING_ON_USAGE *-monoʳ-≤-pos
"Warning: *-monoʳ-≤-pos was deprecated in v2.0.
#-}
*-monoˡ-≤-pos : ∀ r → Positive r → (r *_) Preserves _≤_ ⟶ _≤_
*-monoˡ-≤-pos r@(mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _) _ = *-monoˡ-≤-nonNeg r
{-# WARNING_ON_USAGE *-monoˡ-≤-pos
"Warning: *-monoˡ-≤-pos was deprecated in v2.0.
#-}
*-cancelˡ-<-pos : ∀ r → Positive r → ∀ {p q} → r * p < r * q → p < q
*-cancelˡ-<-pos r@(mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _) _ = *-cancelˡ-<-nonNeg r
{-# WARNING_ON_USAGE *-cancelˡ-<-pos
"Warning: *-cancelˡ-<-pos was deprecated in v2.0.
#-}
*-cancelʳ-<-pos : ∀ r → Positive r → ∀ {p q} → p * r < q * r → p < q
*-cancelʳ-<-pos r@(mkℚ +[1+ _ ] _ _) _ = *-cancelʳ-<-nonNeg r
{-# WARNING_ON_USAGE *-cancelʳ-<-pos
"Warning: *-cancelʳ-<-pos was deprecated in v2.0.
#-}
*-cancelˡ-<-neg : ∀ r → Negative r → ∀ {p q} → r * p < r * q → p > q
*-cancelˡ-<-neg r@(mkℚ -[1+ _ ] _ _) _ = *-cancelˡ-<-nonPos r
{-# WARNING_ON_USAGE *-cancelˡ-<-neg
"Warning: *-cancelˡ-<-neg was deprecated in v2.0.
#-}
*-cancelʳ-<-neg : ∀ r → Negative r → ∀ {p q} → p * r < q * r → p > q
*-cancelʳ-<-neg r@(mkℚ -[1+ _ ] _ _) _ = *-cancelʳ-<-nonPos r
{-# WARNING_ON_USAGE *-cancelʳ-<-neg
"Warning: *-cancelʳ-<-neg was deprecated in v2.0.